101 Facts About The American Civil War

greetings mother factors my name is Sam
and today I’m going to be teaching you all about a dark divisive time in
American history yes it’s even darker and device here than now the American
Civil War when countrymen fought countrymen brothers fought brothers and
facial-hair saw some of its boldest innovations check that out but who was
nearly the chicken how many soldiers pooped themselves to death
and was Abraham Lincoln really a vampire I know those are movie about that once
but you shouldn’t believe movie should you or shoot you too much of three those
questions are going to be answered so throw out your textbooks and prepare to
be addressed like Gettysburg baby as we march through 101 fact about the
American Civil War number one the American Civil War was
anyone anyone a civil war fought in anyone anyone Beulah that’s right
America it all kicked off on April the 12th 1861 and came to an end on May the
9th to 1865 well kind of anyway we’ll get to that number two the war was
fought between the United States of America and eleven former southern
states who left the Union and formed their own country the Confederate States
of America hopefully you already know who won this
battle but if not I won’t spoil it for you just yet number three in order that
started with South Carolina Mississippi Florida Alabama Georgia Louisiana and
Texas who were joined by Virginia Arkansas North Carolina and Tennessee
showing up late to the party after the war it started number for those states
went all zayn malik’s so that they could protect the institution of slavery and
maintained ownership of the four million slaves living in those states for legal
purposes i should clarify that that’s not why zayn left one direction number
five the southern states were worried about slavery being abolished by the
anti-slavery stance of abraham lincoln who was elected in 1860 shortly before
the first seven states jumped ship number six the preceding election was
one of the strangest in american history it was a four-person ballot paper owing
to the split between northern and southern democrats the self-nominated
pro-slavery Chauncey Breckinridge and the North Amin ated Steven a Douglas who
history has Mis remembered as something of a progressive because he thought that
each state should vote on whether they should own a hue
despite claiming he didn’t care which way you vote it Lincoln beat out both
the Dems and constitutional union candidate John Bell to win the
presidency despite not even appearing on the ballot in most southern states
number seven after the secession of the southern
states a few fort remained on Southern land that were manned by US soldiers
which as you can imagine it was pretty awkward Lincoln didn’t surrender the
fort’s which didn’t go great and the Confederacy demanded the fort
surrendered they refused a nother historically poor decision and Fort
Sumter in Charleston found itself on the end of an excessive 34 hour long
bombardment before the US soldiers rethought the whole surrender thing the
battle miraculously caused no casualties but it officially started the Civil War
number 8 war with the north couldn’t be described as a smart move by the
Confederacy given that at the start of the war there were 22 million people in
the north and nine million in the south oh and four million of those were slaves
who for some reason weren’t entirely gassed about fighting for their rights
to have no rights whatsoever the north also had more money factories horses
railroads and food so if it wasn’t for all the racism it had all the makings of
a great underdog story number nine but poster session the Confederates needed
any prayers and they elected a guy named Jefferson Davis a former US senator and
Secretary of War which might have been a good indication of the South’s
intentions number 10 Jefferson Davis’s election was made more confusing for the
Union soldiers serving under general Jefferson Davis the Union General and
the Confederate President both shared the same name Jefferson Davis number 11
granted this shared name was probably less of a coincidence back when people
still named their children Jefferson but it was still confusing enough that when
Union soldiers of the 21st Ohio noticed men approaching their camp one night
during the 1863 Battle of Chickamauga and asked them what troops are you the
response Jeff Davis’s troops calm their nerves
shortly after they found the Confederate bayonets of the seventh Florida pointed
at them and they promptly surrendered number 12 the bloodiest battle of the
Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg Pennsylvania from July 1st to July 3rd
1863 to gather fresh supplies and intimidate the US Confederate General
Robert E Lee launched an invasion of the north beginning a three-day battle that
led 50 2,000 soldiers dead wounded or missing
in action this split into 23,000 Union men and 28,000 veterans
almost a third of Lee’s army the Confederate loss is seen by many as a
major turning point in the war number 13 following the victory in November
President Lincoln was asked to give a few appropriate remarks at the opening
of a new Union Cemetery in Gettysburg Lincoln said just 269 words which you
might know as one of the most famous speeches in history the Gettysburg
Address you might not know the name Edward Everett a celebrated orator and
the keynote speaker at the event who’s almost two our speech is probably not in
the top 1,000 most famous speeches ever and exemplifies the notion that size
doesn’t matter number fourteen two years before the war ended Abraham Lincoln
uttered in 1863 with probably the best New Year’s resolution in history when he
issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January first legally freeing the
majority of American slaves number 15 the proclamation is famously
misremembered as having freed all the slaves but it actually left around
900,000 of the country’s 4 million slaves in servitude Lincoln didn’t want
the proclamation to cover Delaware Maryland Kentucky and Missouri because
he was worried the act would cause the border states to secede and join the
Confederacy which makes you wonder what they thought they’d been fighting for
for two years number 16 in 1864 the original Emancipation Proclamation was
two nature’s of the Chicago Historical Society where it stayed for a good seven
years because it was then destroyed in the Great Fire of 1871 along with the
treasure map there was almost certainly drawn on the back of it
number 17 despite the fact that all the people who didn’t like you in the last
election had literally left the country Lincoln was still tipped to lose his
reelection campaign in 1864 he believed that he’d lose a Democratic nominee
George B McClellan who campaigned on his party’s promise of a peace treaty with
the south despite the fact that he himself was strongly in favor of war
continuing but ultimately Lincoln comfortably won the popular and
electoral vote number 18 this political victory is often attributed to the
recent Union victory in the Battle of Atlanta and made Lincoln the first
reelected president since Andrew Jackson in 1832 and because the Republicans
recruited some war Democrats to form the new National Union Party he also tricked
his way into being the most recent president to be elected
from outside the Republican and Democratic parties number 19 on April 8
1865 the war began to come to a close when General Robert Ely surrendered his
army to ulysses s grant at the apothem acts courthouse in Virginia although the
war wouldn’t originally come to an end for almost a month when Jefferson Davis
the president won not the other one announced an end to the insurrection On
June the 9th number 20 but despite all his efforts starting and ending the war
old Abe Lincoln would never actually see the water fishel end as he was shot just
five days after Lee surrender by actor and southern sympathizer John Wilkes
Booth number 21 after his death a Confederate $50 bill was found in
Lincoln’s wallets adorned with the face of Confederate President Jefferson Davis
obviously Abel’s in no state to be asked about the relevance of this was he
switching sides had Lincoln and Davis been the same person the whole time
well most boring unimaginative historians just think it was a souvenir
marking the union’s impending victory but still let’s keep an open mind people
number 22 Oh muddying the waters even more regarding the water official end
date the last butter was actually fought four days after Davis’s announcement and
three after his capture Theodore H Barrett ignored the
unofficial truce possibly because he hadn’t yet – led an attack and was eager
to get off the mark before surrendering and led his Confederate troops to
palmetto ranch in Texas to attack a Union camp on May the 13th number 23 the
final death incurred at the Battle of palmito grant and thus the whole war is
believed to be private John J Williams of the 34th regiment Indiana infantry
meaning that the last battle was lost by the winning side and the last combat
death was of a Union soldier who believed he’d already won the war
number 24 war with other countries can prove profitable and sometimes that’s
the only reason America does it her AK but back to the point war with yourself
though understandably isn’t fantastic for the economy and this one entirely
bankrupted the south it also took the national debt from 65 million dollars in
1860 to 2.7 billion dollars in 1865 the war debt was almost twice what the
federal government had spent in total prior to 1860 and the yearly interest
alone was more than double the entire pre 1860 national budget number 25
but the main cost of the war was two people which practically Radek ated an
entire generation of men the over six hundred twenty thousand losses were more
than America’s casualties in World War one to the Korean War and the Vietnam
War combined two percent of the entire country’s population was lost which were
today require over 6 million losses number 26 the biggest killer in the
battle though wasn’t actually angry former compatriots because of the
limited rations and poor conditions two-thirds of the deaths in the Civil
War but the result of diseases camps were breeding grounds for diseases like
mumps chicken pox and measles and 1 million Union soldiers contracted
malaria that may not sound like the most heroic end for a brave soldier but you
just wait number 27 of the diseases plaguing Civil War soldiers by far the
most fatal was diarrhea more soldiers died of fecal frustration than in battle
with roughly 140 cases proving fatal so if 95,000 soldiers died of diarrhea
and 1 in 40 were fatal a little maths or math can tell us at around 3.8 million
soldiers had a case of the trots number 28 the conclusion of the war saw
three amendments made to the US Constitution by the northern states the
13th abolished slavery the 14th guarantees citizens equal protection
under the law and the 15th gave black men the right to vote and that famously
fixed racism from that day on and it’s never happened since number 29 since the
war the US government has identified 384 battles that had a significant impact
many of which have been built upon with shops and houses
veterans and other citizens have fought to protect these lands from developments
and the Civil War trusted preserved tens of thousands of acres to dates number 30
most of the fighting took place in Virginia and Tennessee but conflict
stretched out as far afield as the Gulf of Mexico and even one single ship
encounter on the French coast the Battle of Cherbourg for example ended when the
union’s USS Kearsarge sank the Confederate CSS Alabama killing 19 and
capturing 70 of its 170 man crew while I was heading to neutral France for
repairs number 31 despite the old adage that all’s fair in love and war the US
Supreme Court decided that actually that’s quite obviously not true and
secession from the Union was in fact technically illegal they did decide this
until after the war in 1868 Texas vs. white case which ruled that secession
was um constitutional duh number 32 of the
soldiers in the Union Army one-third were immigrants that included Germans
who made up 10% of the army and Irish soldiers who accounted for 7.5 also
featured were French Italian polish English and Scottish soldiers with sons
of immigrants building the total to 43 percent of the army but there’s
absolutely no modern political point to be drawn out about the importance of
immigrants in American history so I’ll move on number 233 there were so many
immigrants fighting for the United States in fact that one in four
regiments contain the majority foreignness sweet oh no one complains
about that when they’re winning wars for you isn’t it number 34 following the
Emancipation Proclamation in 1862 African Americans came forward in their
droves to join the Union Army this ultimately amounted to around 180,000
soldiers making 163 armored units as well as 18,000 in the Navy
african-americans made up a tenth of the Union Army by the end of the war and
nearly 40,000 of them lost their life to fight for their freedom
number 35 more than half of the african-americans in the Union Army were
runaway slaves and by the final months of combats there were more African
Americans in the Union Army than in the entire Confederate Army combined number
36 a private in the Union Army made $13 a month if they were wiped that is
hashtag civil war so white they’re black counterparts made just $10 to the south
a Confederate private typically made $11 but often went long stretches with no
pay owing to the limited funds of the
southern states number 37 adding insult to slavery black Union soldiers were
angered further by the fact that they also have to pay $3 a month for their
uniform which white soldiers you guessed it didn’t this meant that the highest
paid black soldier earned about half at the lowest paid white soldier did
however this came to an end in 1864 after black soldiers refused their wages
for 18 months to protest their inequality risky move refusing money to
get paid more but it worked and pay was reimbursed right to actively from their
enlistment date number 38 escaped slave Harriet Tubman had led other slaves to
freedom on the Underground Railroad before the war and joined the Union
cause in 1862 in 1863 she headed the wars first woman led raid on Combahee
Ferry where she and her troop of black Union soldiers liberated more than 720
slaves from beyond Union lines more ten times the amount she freed in ten
years on the Underground Railroad number 39 one evening in 1863 Abe
Lincoln was riding his horse to his family’s summer residence a guard at the
gate heard a gunshot and then saw his bare headed president around the corner
Lincoln explained that the shot of scared his horse who then shook his hat
from his head but when soldiers retreat the headpiece it had a bullet hole right
through it Lincoln told the soldiers not to tell
anyone so his wife wouldn’t worry but I guess someone blabbed or else this fad
wouldn’t exist with it number 40 in 1861 Kentucky Union commander William Sherman
requested 60,000 men to defend his territory and 200,000 more to attack the
Confederacy the Secretary of War didn’t do that but instead fired him because he
was insane this led to dark days for Sherman until he was free hind in 1862
by ulysses s grant later when saman bad-mouth grant sherman jump to his
defense claiming General Grant stood by me when I was crazy and I stood by him
when he was drunk and now sir we stand by each other always number 41 Lincoln’s
legacy as a very tall man vampire hunter and one time free of the slaves was
almost very different in August 1862 Lincoln invited five black ministers to
the White House to discuss how it would be better for us both to be separated
his questionable plan was to send all the freed african-americans to Central
America he even asked Congress to pay for the colonization which literally
seems to be the cause of and solution to all of America’s problems
luckily Abe’s separate-but-equal Lincoln couldn’t get a support and never
mentioned it again the meaning of life when war came in aachen in virginia
robert e lee and his wife abandoned their 1,100 acre arlington estate
overlooking Washington DC in 1863 the US government seized it on the basis of
Lee’s ninety-two dollars in unpaid taxes on the property fittingly the land was
then turned into a graveyard so that if Lee returned he could look out on the
carnage that he had created haha ice-cold government number 43 following
the war the Lee’s looked into proclaiming Arlington but ultimately
took no action before they died probably because of the whole living a graveyard
of men you killed thing their son George Washington Custis Lee eventually sued
the government in 1877 for legal confiscation and reclaimed Arlington
before promptly selling it back to them for 150,000
dollars probably for the same reason that is rent him what to live there but
am I about hustle though number 44 typically in modern warfare privates
would engage before the generals joke in there somewhere I’m sure but in the
Civil War many top officers including generals would be at the front of the
march leading their men this rare occurrence meant that generals were 50%
more likely to die than their privates ha as a joke there again but it’s just
not a monetizable one number 45 at the same time the war broke out cotton was
the primary driver of the world economy and the American South was the prime
source this led to what was known as king cotton diplomacy where the
Confederacy believed that an informal embargo on cotton trading which sparked
Great Britain to formally recognize the Confederacy and inspire a European
intervention on behalf of the south number 46 to help put king cotton on the
throne 2.5 million bales of cotton were burned by the south to create a shortage
this however did not even remotely work out because Britain had built up a
cotton surplus in the years before the war in anticipation of it and were
frankly absolutely fine without it that was until this power play caused
the cotton famine of 1862 by which point it was too late to just kind of annoyed
everyone and disrupt the global economy number 47
in fact not only did Britain not recognize the Confederacy no foreign
country did for the entire war they were like the drunk of the party that no one
wants to admit they came with number 48 a seminal piece of literature prior to
the American Civil War was Uncle Tom’s Cabin the realist look is American
slavery from active abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe was first published in
magazines and then as a book in 1852 it sold 300,000 in its first year and
brought abolitionist press into the mainstream number 49 Uncle Tom’s Cabin
was so successful in fact that it was the best-selling novel of the 19th
century and almost the best-selling book if it wasn’t for that pesky Bible its
influence was so legendary that Abraham Lincoln is reported to a met Harriet
Beecher Stowe in 1862 and exclaimed is this the little woman who made this
great war number 50 in 1862 a Virginia farmer gifted generally with a flock of
chickens his soldiers ain’t all but one that last
one though had captured Lee’s attention and his heart he named the chicken
Nellie and kept it under his bed where it laid eggs for him and is anyone else
finding it really hard to hate him right now number 51 during the Battle of
Shiloh in 1862 some soldiers on each side started reporting blue
glow-in-the-dark wounds of the battle 16,000 workers those with the angel glow
all seemed to be healing faster but it was 139 years before anyone knew why in
2001 it was discovered that the area was a breeding ground for a luminescent
bacterium called P luminescence which produces a natural antibiotic and also
happened to clone in the dark like Buzz Lightyear number 52 Confederate General
Thomas Donovan Stonewall Jackson is considered to be one of the best
generals in the Civil War he earned this rep and frankly badass nickname at the
First Battle of Bull Run in 1861 where soldiers claimed he stood like a
Stonewall in the midst of battle granted he did get shot so maybe standing tall
wasn’t the best shout but there is actually another reason for that number
53 Stonewall probably found it quite easy to be brave in battle owing to the
fact he was very clearly checked out up there
he had a nagging belief at the right half of his body was heavier than the
left he wouldn’t eat pepper because I mean as we all know that would have made
his left leg week and he would regularly be seen holding his right arm up in the
air so blood would flow back to the left and temporarily correct the imbalance
however as you’d expect when someone holds a fleshie target in the air
stonewall caught a bullet in his hand at Bull Run and almost lost a finger which
would have made his arm lighter I guess would that have helped his heavy signed
number fifty four Stein walls bizarre story came to a fittingly ridiculous end
in 1863 when he was accidentally shot by his own men his lighter left arm was
amputated and buried near Chancellorsville where it’s grave stands
today but Stonewall clearly couldn’t stomach a world where he was so
physically unbalanced and died from pneumonia a week later
number 55 a total of six post-war presidents serve their country in the
Civil War in no particular order except chronologically those who are Andrew
Johnson the man who loved America so much they named him after it u.s. grants
to man who hated Monday so much they named him after it James a Garfield
Chester a Arthur Benjamin Harris and William McKinley number 56
the youngest soldier in the war was Union drummer John Klem who joined age
11 after running away from home known as the Civil War graybeard the
oldest was Curtis King who enlisted in the US Army aged 80 presumably after
running away from home number 57 the whole war didn’t exactly pass child
labor laws with 10,000 soldiers under the age of 18 involved number 58
despite the Confederate loss the American people seemed inspired by their
example of splitting from the Union because the 20 years after the war saw
the National American divorce rate rise 150 percent number 59 despite his
reputation being whittled down to war hero over the years ulysses s grant was
actually known as a butcher during the war for the losses he sustained during
the Overland campaign of 1864 grant lost roughly twice the troops of his
Confederate counterpart Robert Elia but actually if you look at casualties
proportionally Lee was the real butcher number 60 Chang and Eng bunker were
conjoined twins who hailed from Thailand or the artists for me known as Siam they
traveled there circus freaks in quotation marks there worked with
actually a bit of a dick in real life PT Barnum had 21 or 22 depending on your
source children between them and were the origin for the term Siamese twins
but one of the most fascinating parts of their story came when General George
Stoneman was drafting men for the Union Ang’s name was drawn but his twins was
not in the end the whole being views that the liver thing meant neither
ultimately served number 61 from conjoined twins to Thomas and George
Crittenden who was so far from conjoined they actually fought his generals were
different sides during the war number 62 in a pulp fiction esque story a woman
walked into the Museum of Confederacy in 2009 carrying a brass acorn shaped
object she did not donate the object for reasons that will become clear but
claimed that her Confederate ancestor had used the device to smuggle secret
messages if you haven’t figured out where he stored it yet maybe it’s
uncertain name the Rexall acorn will help which has now been burned into my
mind in search history for all time number 63
according to wartime convention a woman was advised to mourn a brother for six
months a child for one year and a husband for two and a half years and
there I guess – stop being sad like that
however born rule-breaker flora Stewart mourned her husband Confederate General
GEB Stewart by wearing black in mourning for 59 years until her death in 1923
Nintendo 64 Ambrose Burnside was both a union general in the Civil War and the
possessor of the greatest sideburns in history I mean look at them
look at those things he’s also the man after whom the questionable facial hair
choice was named number 65 given that we’ve talked about how many soldiers
suffer from a case of the runs it’s good to know that a Civil War code of honor
meant that soldiers were forbidden from shooting at men while they were going
number to number one fair game I assume number 66
I keep on referring to the Civil War soldiers as men which was ostensibly the
case but may not strictly have always been true that’s thanks to the over 600
women who went for a win and dressed as men to take part in the conflict and
those are just the ones we know of number 67
sadly African Americans are still feeling the effect of their ancestors
enslavement exemplified by the shocking statement made by Brown University
student leader Diego Ollie Morley that there are more african-american men in
prison jail on probation or parole than there were enslaved in 1850 number 68
the American Civil War had a survival rate of roughly one in five
that means it’s literally safer statistically to play game of Russian
roulette but don’t do that don’t do that okay
don’t I’m warning you don’t do it no number 69 don’t do it in May 1865 after
the war was won freed African Americans in Charleston buried dead Union
prisoners of war and held a dedication ceremony for the men who helped free
them however this is frequently miss attributed to the first Memorial Day
which wouldn’t actually happen for three years number 70 Elmira prison was an
infamously cruel prisoner of war camp operated by the United States whose poor
living conditions and lack of food and medical care saw almost 3,000 of its
12,000 Confederate inmates die in just one year and five days of operation
that’s a death rate of almost one in four earning it the name Hal Meera
number 71 as if the conditions weren’t inhumane enough – observation towers
were built the camp by an entrepreneur who charged
the public 10 to 15 cents to watch the suffering inmates while chowing down on
cake peanuts and lemonade number 72 upwards of 1 million horses lost their
lives fighting in the war which shouldn’t be sadder than the human
casualties but we know it is because they didn’t know what they were fighting
for their which is riding a lot o sad number 73 the average life expectancy of
the poor at Quinn’s dropped to between 6 and 7 months once they were drafted into
the Civil War this wasn’t helped at all by the bonafide horse killer and og
Klansmen Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest who had 30 of his noble
steeds killed in battle just walk Nathan you’re not worth it number 74 after he
was captured robert e lee was reportedly asked by a Union officer who his
greatest general was he replied a gentleman I shouldn’t do the accent a
gentleman I have never had the pleasure to meet general Nathan Bedford Forrest
most likely owing to the 31 men he’d killed in hand-to-hand combat on the
number the rate is horse killer offered the infuriatingly badass line I was a
horse ahead at the end number 75 probably at least partially because
they’d stupidly burnt so much of their cotton the Confederacy struggled to
supply their soldiers with enough uniforms towards the end of the war and
offered award the clothes of enemies that killed or captured if you can spot
why that’s a stupid idea well done if only you were there to tell the
soldiers who regularly encountered pretty understandable friendly fire
number 76 over the four years of the Civil War inflation in the North rose by
100 percent their angry neighbors to the south had it worse though is theirs
through one hundred percent every year meaning that by the war’s end you needed
1,200 Confederate dollars to buy one u.s. dollar effectively making them
worth less than fairground price tickets and less fun to get them to number 77
this hyperinflation wasn’t technically entirely the fault of the south the
Union played their part too in a move that would be quite mean if it wasn’t
for say with me all the racism the North printed large quad seats at the
Confederate currency and distributed it down south to create mass inflation
pretty Bond villain esque when you think about it number 78
it’s estimated that around 85,000 Union soldiers tried to flee to their friendly
northern neighbors in Canada but only around 9,000 succeeded
with the other 76,000 deserters getting caught and returned to active duty turf
break a number 79 the 20 years following the war were known as the Reconstruction
era this difficult period saw the South occupied by Union soldiers slowly
rebuilt and the seceding states be gradually readmitted into the united
states but only once that apologized and had a real long hard think about what
they’re done number 80 in nineteen fifty sixteen last known surviving Civil War
veteran died eight one hundred and six Albert Wilson had lived to see the start
of the civil rights movement which is a Union soldier he was probably quite
pleased about at these three men who outlived Wilson have claimed to be
confederate veterans which in their defense doesn’t seem like something
you’d lie about except for the fact that one claim was debunked and the other two
are unverified number 81 shortly after the war broke out in 1861 real live
superhero and South Carolina slave Robert smalls was assigned to steer the
CSS planter an armed Confederate transport ship he did his job so well
that he done the captain’s uniform and continued to steer it even after the
white crew members had to boarded one night escaping with his crew of slaves
and their families and surrendering the ship to the Union he was also the guy
that persuaded Lincoln to start accepting African American soldiers
which is basically why the Emancipation Proclamation exists and later bought his
former masters house and served in the House of Representatives and what have
you done today number 82 war not unlike a school
playground is hell and carnage that will only stop with one thing a fistfight at
least that was the case in 1864 during a battle at saunders field when a
Confederate soldier jumped into a gully to hide and found himself face to face
with a Union soldier the two argued over who had captured whom and decided to
settle it with a regular fist and skull fight which all the surrounding fighters
stopped to watch and cheer on ultimately the Union soldier lost and agreed to be
his opponent’s prisoner number 83 one of the base requirements for a soldier to
join the army during the Civil War was the possession of two front teeth so
they could open gunpowder patches this seems like a pretty low threshold except
it inspired people to start removing their teeth to dodge the draft number 84
the Civil War era was in many ways a simpler time sadly this was doubly true
in a medical sense due to the overwork under start medical teams because the
most common treatment for broken limbs were simp
lopping them off in the ball conditions this was often a death sentence and over
half of all leg amputations proved fatal number 85 according to the Smithsonian
curator John Greenspan the word coffee appears more in the war journals in the
Civil War archives than war bullet cannon slavery mother and even Lincoln
could see people have their priorities straight number 86 following heavy
periods of snowfall armies were known to engage in mass snowball fights the
largest of these was the great Confederate snowball fight of 1863
between around 10,000 Confederate soldiers in Virginia you have thought a
large-scale product I’ll fight during a war would be a bit of a busman’s holiday
but hey there you go number 87 after the war with no land no
slaves and their tails between their legs somewhere between 10 and 20,000
Confederate sympathizers emigrated to Latin America for a better life it’s
weird isn’t it that that’s okay the other way round the Confederate a
settled mostly in Brazil and established inventively time to administer polities
like Americana and new Texas what an imagination
number 88 the Civil War was the first duty in American history of the
compulsory wartime draft of US citizens passed by Congress the law came in unto
the militia Act of 1862 number 89 the Confederate version of this draft
allowed exemptions for those who owned 20 or more slaves or the very very very
rich as they’re more commonly known this was known as the 20 slave law there were
two names it was more commonly known by which absolutely no one will benefit
from hearing number 90 the North had its own rich person exemptions in their
draft to whereby you could avoid the war if you paid $300 or around seven
thousand six hundred dollars today that you would pay to someone who would then
fight in your place or volunteer as tribute if you want to get really
dystopian like my baby girl Jen our Jen this up flagrantly elitist Clause quite
understandably led to riots in New York City
number 91 these and other bounties introduced in the north and south
created what’s known as bounty jumpers who would enlist in one area just long
enough to collect the bounty then desert to repeat the process elsewhere as the
Confederate dollar dwindled this became more common in the north where one
bounty jumper collected 32 bounties before being caught and a man named john
lani claimed to have abandoned 93 regiments for bounties
number 92 Civil War battles were typically named by the Union after the
nearest river or Creek while Confederates typically opted for the
nearest town of City battles were usually named by the
victors but a lot of discrepancies exist for example the Union won the Third
Battle of Petersburg which goes by the breakthrough at Petersburg or the fall
of Petersburg proving the perspective is everything number 93 just like the
battles and that thing that changes the TV channel everyone you ask seems to
have a different name for the Civil War for the record it’s a TV remote and if
one else is wrong anyway the war has over 25 different monikers including the
war for the Union the brothers war the Lost Cause and my personal favorites the
water suppress Yankee arrogance number 94 Confederate sharpshooter WV Meadows
was already worthy of his own movie when he was shot in the eye through a tiny
peephole in a makeshift shield he made in 1863 and not only survived but later
befriended the Union soldier who’d made the shot but in 1921 he reached peak
call when at the age of 78 meadows casually coughed up the bullet that had
been lodged in his head for 58 years number nine five-year a total of 1500 22
medals of Honor were presented after the war to both black and white Union
soldiers in fact the accolade that’s now the highest military decoration
attainable was first awarded in the Civil War
number 96 to the Southie Confederates didn’t have any combat medals robert e
lee explained that actually the highest honor was to be mentioned in the
dispatches of your commanding officer which is basically his way of saying the
south were too cheap the medals the Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby was mentioned
in dispatches more than any other Confederate soldier although his
great-grandchildren can’t sell it on eBay for rent money now can they number
97 Unity’s s grant was many things and by
the sound of it a fun guy was not one of them he had apparently no time for music
claiming he could only recognize two tunes one was Yankee Doodle and as for
the other one well in his words the other one wasn’t number 98 if I haven’t
hammered home yet just how much of an insanely violent war this was I present
to you Cold Harbor Virginia words believed that as many 7,000 Americans
fell in just 20 minutes number 99 before she founded the
American Red Cross Clara Barton worked as a civil war nurse with the Union our
me although she helped soldiers on both sides her desire to help and heal was so
recklessly strong in fact that she once ended the wounded so close to an ongoing
battle that a bullet went clean through her sleeve and killed a man she was
treating number 100 Welsh journalist Henry Morton Stanley the guy who said
dr. Livingstone I presume although no one really remembers the context was
first a Confederate private in the 6th Arkansas confucian he was captured at
the Battle of Shiloh but survived the wards go on to Africa to search for a
missionary and explorer I called David Livingstone and now you know number 101
after 48 days of Union sieges Confederate General Tom C Pemberton
surrendered the city Vicksburg to you 2 CCS grant on the 4th of July 1863 but
instead of holding a grudge against Grant or the north the city developed an
inexplicable vendetta against the date of surrender and Independence Day
wouldn’t be celebrated in Vicksburg for another 81 years although they seemed to
have made peace with the abstract construct of time measurement now so
good work Vicksburg anyway so a little bit different but that was 101 facts
about the American Civil War do you have any other time period you want us to
cover let us know in the comments down below and happy 4th of July
even though it’s already happened by the time the video goes live anyway be sure
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