Article 20 TFEU – EU Citizenship

Article 20 TFEU – EU Citizenship

hey there guys I thought with the EU
referendum coming up in a few weeks I do a video on article 20 of the TFEU
which is citizenship of the European Union now this doesn’t really get mentioned
very much in exams or in EU law courses but i do think it’s important and later
on in the video I’ll be talking about how you can use it as an addition to
some of the other subjects that you will cover on your syllabus. I don’t think it gets talked about for a couple of reasons first of all it’s really quite
simple only comes down to four key features in
Article 20 and secondly i don’t think that people generally think about
citizenship of the European Union if for example someone was to ask me
where are you a citizen of? I would probably say England or Great
Britain I wouldn’t really think of myself as an EU citizen but that does
have a range of rights and obligations that go with it which are really
important that we often forget about so let’s go through the four key
features that i mentioned in article 20 and the first of those is the right to
petition now about a week ago someone got in touch
on one of my other videos and asked me is this particular regulation still in
force is still rule and what would I have to do to make sure it got repealed now i replied to the person said well
actually you can contact the Commission the European Commission talk to them and
they will respond to you and actually they have an obligation to respond to
you because you are a citizen of the EU under Article 20 so it’s a really interesting right one
that we don’t think about very much and that’s part of it another
part is relating to diplomacy so summer’s coming up a lot of people are
going on holiday and and if you went to America for example and got in trouble
with the police normally if you were like a UK citizen
like me you contact the British Embassy but because of article 20 and because i
am a citizen of the EU I’d actually be able to get in touch
with any of the embassies relating to the 28 member states so I’d be able to go to the
Portuguese embassy to the Irish Embassy and and they would have an obligation to
help me in the same way that the British Embassy would so again a really
important right and one that’s useful to remember even outside of the legal
context. The third right relates to voting so we vote every few years for
members of the European Parliament and we’re allowed to do that because we are
citizens of the european union under article 20 also people often forget
about this but it also includes the right to stand as a candidate for the
European Parliament as well so one of the best ways to get things
changed if you don’t like the way things are going in in Europe is to stand as a
candidate for the european parliament and actually be there in Brussels and
get things done yourself now finally in relation to the article 20 the most
important right that’s established with citizenship with the European Union is
the right to freedom of movement and this is really important it links to one of my other videos which
I did an article 45 which is free movement of workers but article 20 is a
bit more generic there are limitations on it that you can sort of look into
more detail but the general principle still stands that people do have the
right freedom of movement so that’s article 20
if we were using it in an exam or a course what context it often doesn’t
come up on its own but as I’ve already mentioned if you’re answering a question
on the free movement of workers under article 45 a good way to start that
answer might be to mention article 20 and to say that citizenship with the
European Union is really important and that that article 20 provides almost
like a a bedrock for establishing further write such as those in article
45 those two a very closely linked together we can also think about things
like and political questions that sometimes come up in exams like the
Democratic deficit within the European Union and now when you’re answering that
question you will obviously talk about things like voting in elections and
the commission and things like that but mentioning
article 20 is a really good way of getting the legal basis for citizenship
in there and mentioning some of the rights and
obligations that go along with citizenship of the European Union finally you may also want to mention it
when discussing and the institutions in particular as i mentioned the Commission
has a an obligation to respond to petitions from citizens of the European
Union and so it links quite well with that as well and thank you very much for
watching this short video and if you liked it then leave a thumbs up below
any questions or comments then leave them below as well and i’ll get back to
you as soon as i can and if you’d like to subscribe for more videos that really
helps my channel so thank you very much if for those of you who have already subscribed
and if you haven’t done so already hit that subscribe button thanks again for watching bye


  1. Post
    Kasper Jorgensen

    Thank you for these videos. It helps me alot with preparing for oral EU exam in Denmark.

    Can't stop wondering if your name is Marcus C. Leaver, as in wanting to leave the Union, or just Marcus Cleaver 😉

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    Bijal Jethwa

    Would you please be able to do a video on freedom to provide and receive services please. I find your videos really helpful

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    lisa rhodes

    Thanks so much for all your videos. They really are massively helpful in my exam revision. You explain everything so clearly, which is a nice change from the complicated language found in my law books! You are doing a great job!!

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    Chauntelle Wildman

    do you have a video on Freedom of persons and TCN I have exam on Friday just looking through?

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    Margherita Salvador

    Thank you, Marcus, for sharing this useful information, I really appreciated your video 🙂
    Many people don't know they have the possibility to change this Europe by participating more actively in the European political life. I'm Italian, but I live in Brussels and I've just become a member of a political party. I would like to give my contribution, and mainly, I would like to stop the climate of injustice we sometimes have to face. For example, I just started a petition on the abolishment of pay and display car parks around hospital areas.
    I would like to do more.
    20 years ago, for example, a land owned by 1000 families at the seaside in Tuscany (including my family) was unjustly expropriated by the local municipality under the pretext that a natural park should be recreated. None of the families received a fair compensation for that since then. On the contrary, we are still paying an annual property tax on an expropriated ground we cannot use. I've heard that, according to the law, this is all illegal and all families who bought and owned that land are now entitled to sue the municipality and to get back the land they were once thrown out from. Could you please tell me if there is an Institution at European level we could refer to and that can have this issue solved in an efficient way instead of having to face all that with the Italian bureaucracy? Thanks a lot and have a nice day. Kind regards, Margherita

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    watching your videos is like cheating :p (me igroning the fact that i should read this stuff, not to listen while cocking food)

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    Jon Camilleri

    Here in the member state of Malta freedoms are very restricted by corporate practice, through contractual provisions that attempt to reduce these freedoms, what is the most practical way to mediate the situation? do you face the same situation in your country?

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    JC Denton

    Got an A on my EU law exam, thanks in no small part to your videos – thanks very much for making them!

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