Phase Three of Marvel’s Cinematic Universe begins with a great challenge: putting your heroes against each other in the adaptation of one of the most famous comic book arcs. It was time for the Civil War to hit theaters and completely change the direction of Marvel Studios. As soon as they finished Captain America: The Winter Soldier, screenwriters Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely began to think about continuation based on the hooks left by the film. But after months of designing how to use the consequences of Bucky Barnes’s actions, everything has changed. Kevin Feige, president of Marvel Studios, entered the room where they worked and stated that the studio’s next film would be the Civil War. The direction was once again in the hands of the Russo brothers, who returned to continue the work begun in Winter Soldier, a film that impressed Marvel so much that the studio confirmed the duo in the new film three months before the release of the second film of Captain America. Their main goal was to do something different and not just another Captain’s adventure. A risk that Marvel Studios agreed to take mainly after Warner Bros. announced Batman vs. Superman – Dawn of Justice. It was at this point that Kevin Feige realized that it was necessary to do something challenging with the films of heroes to keep the interest of the public. This challenge, of course, would happen on the screen and behind the scenes, with a production that had to break through numerous barriers until it hit theaters. The first barrier to be overcome was to secure Robert Downey Jr. Unlike the other cast members, Robert Downey Jr. did not have a contract for several films and negotiations to secure his presence were heavy. In the end, the studio spent $ 40 million plus profit sharing and an additional if the film performed better at the box office than Captain America: Winter Soldier. With the possibility of using the two heroes, Marvel above all would be able to show the evolution of the characters over the years. Stark has always been seen as an arrogant hero. Since his first film, when he reveals his secret identity, he established himself as a character who did as he pleased and did not care for the opinion of others. However, now Marvel would have the opportunity to show how his past actions weigh on his shoulder, showing another side of the hero, a more mature side. At the same time, the filmmakers wanted to show that Steve Rogers abandoned the idea of being an American symbol of patriotism. While in the past he would not think twice about working side by side with the government, he now begins to question the attitudes of politicians and has difficulty relying on authorities after the events of his second solo film where he discovered that Hydra was infiltrating SHIELD. Along with this ideological dispute, there would also be a continuation of Captain America’s relationship with Bucky Barnes. For the Russo brothers, it was critical to understand the role of Sebastian Stan’s character in the story and his connection not only to Steve Rogers but also to Tony Stark. The directors made the Winter Soldier’s past one of the main themes of the film, making his fame make him accused of a bombing that would result in the final division among the Avengers. With this barrier defined a new problem arose for Marvel, to present new characters for his Cinematographic Universe. The studio’s first choice, respecting the hero’s importance in the Civil War arc, was Spider-Man. At the end of 2014, the first rumors began to circulate that Marvel Studios was negotiating with Sony Pictures to connect the neighborhood buddy to their cinematic universe. But the indecision about the rights of the arachnid could not delay the production of Civil War. Thus, the writers gave to Black Panther, who would already be part of the plot, the space that initially would be occupied by Peter Parker. T’Challa, who would not even wear the uniform, leaving his presentation to the film solo, ended up becoming one of the central figures of the plot in the counterpoint to the Winter Soldier. Unlike Robert Downey Jr., Chris Pratt and other stars of the Marvel Universe, Chadwick Boseman did not have to audition for the film. From the beginning, the producer imagined him as the hero, so they soon got in touch with his agent to see if there was interest in him on the role. While Chadwick Boseman was officially presented as Black Panther and Marvel was announcing the preparation of the Civil War to the world, rumors of Spider-Man’s participation continued to circulate, but nothing was confirmed. However, everything changed thanks to James Franco and Seth Rogen and their new comedy, The Interview. The production angered a group of hackers called Guardians of Peace who began releasing several private e-mails from the producer and among them were the negotiation between Sony and Marvel for the rights of Spider-Man. At the time of the release, negotiations were halted, but the excitement of the public with the possibility of Spider-Man entering the Marvel Universe was gigantic and certainly influenced the final decision. Then, on February 11, 2015, Spider-Man was officially announced and became part of Marvel Studios, with its scheduled debut for the Civil War. The Russo brothers commanded filming in Atlanta at the same time as Kevin Feige and Sony representative Amy Pascal were working to find a new Peter Parker. He needed to be younger than his predecessors, because the idea was to make a series of films that would be in school. At the same time as Marvel guaranteed the presence of two new characters, the Russo brothers were going through a difficult decision: to which side each hero would follow. As theoretically neither was wrong, filmmakers had to study each character to understand the decision they would make in this battle of heroes. The formation of the two teams would result in a historic scene for the Marvel Universe, the airport battle. Considered the cinematic version of a double page in the comic book, the airport scene required months of preparation for the visual effects team, in an excerpt from the film that is 90% computer graphics. This battle, above all, was a fight between old friends. The directors were careful not to place any of the heroes as villains. Meanwhile, the real villain would be in the shadows, serving only as a spark that would ignite the barrel of gunpowder that would result in the civil war: Baron Zemo. In addition to awakening the Winter Soldier and architect the explosion that kills T’Challa’s father, it is Zemo who reveals Bucky’s involvement in the murder of Tony Stark’s parents, resulting in one of the most iconic film fights between Captain, Iron Man and the Winter Soldier. The movie hit theaters and was a hit, could not have been better received. The critics’ reception was mostly positive, with praise for the anticipated performances of Black Panther and Spider-Man, as well as talking about the emotional development of the characters. The audience also responded well to the film at a box office that reached a world total of $1 billion and 153 million, making it the fourth film to cross the billion barrier after Avengers 1 and 2 and Iron Man 3. Marvel Studios proved its power to surprise the public with Civil War and certainly delivered a story that takes its heroes to a new stage. As they did in Winter Soldier, the partnership between screenwriters Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely and directors Anthony Russo and Joe Russo resulted in a transformative film for the Marvel Cinematic Universe, as well as having prepared the team for the one that will be the greatest challenge of all, Avengers: Infinity War. In the next episode of the 10 Year Marvel Special we are going to talk about Doctor Stranger, the movie that presented the Sorcerer Supreme to theaters. You will understand the challenges you face to take the mystical universe to the screen and discover the polemics that marked the production, such as the casting of Tilda Swinton as The Ancient One. Let’s also talk about the reception of the movie and its importance on the route to Infinity War.