Causes of the Civil War by Shmoop

Causes of the Civil War by Shmoop

Causes leading to Civil War – The Road to Division What is it about a bargain that makes
us get a little… crazy? We love getting a great deal so much…
that we don’t always care how we get it… …or who gets it for us. In 1860, the North and South couldn’t agree
on much of anything: The North liked to hang out in cities… …while Southerners were partial to their
plantations. The North liked making stuff… …and the South preferred growing stuff. On top of that, The North’s economy was
in high gear… …while the South’s was dependent on
pretty much one thing – cotton. And that brings us to the biggie – slavery. The South was counting on cheap, okay, free
labor to harvest all that cotton… …and weren’t crazy about Northerners
nosing around in their business. Then, that trouble maker Lincoln gives a speech
saying the government had the right to halt slavery. He later adds that it shouldn’t be allowed
to spread to New Territories either… …which ticks off the South even further. After the Republican Party nominates the guy
for President… …the Democratic Party splits… …when much of the South withdraws from
the Democratic convention. After Lincoln wins the election… …things get interesting in a hurry. Decades of tension between the North and South… …were set to blow like a science fair volcano. Several states threaten to leave the union… …forcing Lincoln and his buddies to think fast. By the end of December 1860, South Carolina
has had enough. As a last ditch effort to keep the country together… …the Crittenden Compromise is proposed
to continue slavery where already practiced. But that doesn’t work either. Within two months, six more states are
ready to bolt… …and the you-know-what is about
to hit the fan. The seceded states form a separate union called
the Confederate States of America… …and elect Jefferson Davis as their first
(not to mention their last) President. Slight problem… …it’s not recognized by the U.S. or
any other government. Lincoln refuses to recognize the Confederacy… …but tries to reason with the seceded states. Meanwhile, that Stephens guy is appointed
Vice President of the Confederacy. He says the cornerstone of the Confederacy
is that blacks are unequal to whites… …and that slavery is their natural condition. Tensions increased over several months… …leading to the Confederate attack
on Fort Sumter. After a 34 hour bombardment, the
Union fort surrenders… …and the Civil War begins. Buckle up, soldiers. It’s going to be a long four years.


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    Todd Stepp

    You ignored the taxes issue. The federal government got revenue from land sales and import taxes. The south wanted low import taxes the north high. You ignored John Brown's terrorist raid. John Brown murdered people including blacks in an attempt to start a slave uprising revolution to take over the south. When John Brown failed 2 of his cohorts fled to the north. The northern states refused to extradite them. Can you imagine today a state that refused to extradite terrorist? Lincoln was trying to reinforce Fort Sumter when the Confederates fired on it. Lincoln started the war. Lincoln is a war criminal.  

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    Can't deny that in the Confederates' Proclamation of Secession, slavery was
    something that the 13 states wanted to keep. I guess slavery was an important part of
    their economy.

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    Malcolm Aaron

    Those states Seceded before the first Union soldier set foot on Southern land. The US Civil War was started because the South would not end slavery. There were numerous events that led to the war. The Dred Scott Decision, The Fugitive Slave Act, The Kansas-Nebraska Act, The Missouri Compromise and the Abolitionist Movement all precipitated the start of the US Civil War. The one common denominator of all of these events was…wait for it. SLAVERY!

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    Most Southerners were not rich plantation owners. Also, the North actually outproduced the South agriculturally as well as industrially.

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    Rebel Oneal

    The Civil War was not started for the freeing of slaves. The Civil War who's not started for economics reasons. The Civil War was not started for political reasons. The Civil War was not started because of moral reasons. However when combined all of these ingredients and what they caused without a doubt set off a powder keg of murder Mayhem of political religious moral and taxation economics basket if nothing but lies. Paving a clear path for death destruction against personal property personal freedoms . The end fruits the senseless deaths of a nation's people's !

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    AWitty PIlot

    ALMOST TOTAL lies….the south wanted to secede and the north wouldn't have it…it was CALLED the war to end slavery but in fact not a single republican owned ANY salve and another fact is that only 6% of the total population owned slaves.  Do you REALLY believe the other 94% would go to war to save the 6% from losing their slaves?  It was about taxation and secession….not slavery.  Some quotes here are true but the premise is a lie…damn the white boy…until you piss us off enough to give you the biz…and trust me…it's coming

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    Wars are fought over taxation not morals. Lincoln even stated for the south to pay the tariffs or the north would invade the south and they did invade the south.

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    Seemor Disillusioned

    I am surprised you got so many inaccuracies in three minutes , you were wrong on just about every point you made . First : check your definitions , there has NEVER been a Civil War in the US and Second : If the war was over slavery why were the slaves in the north not freed until '67 and not in '61 ? Try some critical thinking instead of just spewing what you have been told .

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    The claim that cultural clashes between North and South played such a key role is wildly overstated.  The South had big cities and the North had plenty of rural towns.  The North didn't just like "making stuff", they had farms too.  A ton of them.  They had so much farmland they could support their huge army during the war and still export food.  In fact, the most common civilian occupation of a Union soldier during the Civil War was in agriculture, just like it was for Confederate soldiers.

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