“Why is the U.S. so far behind on naturalizing new citizens?” – Los Angeles Times, September 7, 2018 USCIS has a backlog of over 750,000 naturalization applications. At the end of 2015 the backlog was 390,000. At the end of 2016 the backlog rose to 640,000. Since then the backlog has grown by another 117,000. In the past, waiting time from submission to decision was six months. Today one year is the average wait time At some USCIS offices, applicants linger in naturalization limbo for nearly two years. Although the problem began before the Trump Administration took office, the increasingly slow pace worries many immigrant advocates, especially especially when coupled with actions taken to undermine citizenship. Operation Janus Is the effort to prosecute and strip citizenship from individuals suspected of providing misleading information on naturalization applications a political red herring? Military Discharge Is the undertaking to disallow immigrants from serving in the military, really an attempt to eliminate a legal path to citizenship? Births By Midwives Is the challenge to birth certificates from 50, 60, 70 years ago, a smoke screen to revoke citizenship of persons from poorer families? Public Charge Rules Are the new rules on public help a callous roadblock to discourage legal immigrants from seeking naturalization? Taken together, these policies demonstrate public hostility to immigrant families. Applicants for naturalization must exercise caution because U.S. citizenship is a new political battle ground.