LEARN SPANISH for Absolute Beginners. πŸš€ LESSON 3 πŸš€ Gender, nationality and profession.

LEARN SPANISH for Absolute Beginners.  πŸš€ LESSON 3 πŸš€ Gender, nationality and profession.


Hello, hello!, Hola, Hola!! Esto es gramática con Sergio. This is “Grammar with Sergio” And today we
are going to start with our third lesson “Spanish for totally beginners” We are going to make
a fast review of what we have seen in the previous two lessons and then we are going
to start. So… what we have seen is just greetings,
standard greetings. Cómo decir… How to say.. “hola” ¿Qué tal? “hola” ¿Qué tal? it is the standard way
to say “hello” “hola” ¿Qué tal? we can add “Buenos días”, “Buenas tardes” o “buenas
noches” ¿Qué tal? Bien, muy bien.
“hola” ¿Qué tal? Muy bien, ¿Y tú? And you? tht is the way of reflect the answer, to make
the question to the other person. Muy bien, ¿Y tú? ¿And you? Hemos visto, We have seen… The way to introduce ourselves. “Me llamo”
“Me llamo Sergio” ¿Y tú? ¿Cómo te llamas? Here we have the verb “llamarse” and the persons,
“yo”, “tú”, “él” “ella” the third.”yo tú, él ella” Yo me llamo, tú te llamas,
él se llama, ella se llama. So we need to focus on the form in the end
“yo” is going to go with this end “-O” yo me llamo
Tú is going with this “-AS” Tú te llamas. Él y ella he and she, are going to be with
the same end “-A” the same shape. A at he end. Él se llama. Yo me llamo. Tú te llamas. Él se llama. Ella se llama. What else? ¿Qué más? We have seen some people, famous people, yes,
so we should say the name: ¿Cómo se llama él? ¿Cómo se llama ella? And then we have seen the nationality. Soy, we are using the verb to be, SER, “yo
soy español” ser + adjetive. And here we have seen many nationalities. adjetives of nationalities. Adjetivos de nacionalidad. Italiano, Italiana, ruso, rusa… And then we saw the question ¿De dónde eres? Where are you from? I am using the verb to be again. Yo soy, tú eres… ¿De dónde eres? Then, you can say I am… yo soy… russian…
yo soy ruso. yo soy inglés, Iam english… yo soy estadounidense… yo soy + adjetivo
de nacionalidad. With the verb to be. And then we saw the genre, masculino, femenino. The standard way is to say “-O” masculino
ans “-A” with femenino. Male and female. Ruso- rusa. Italiano- italiana. And then we have consonante when the word
finishs in “consonante” (non vowel) for example: “portugués”. Then we are going to add an “-a” portugués,
portuguesa. And then we have exceptions finishing in “-e”
like “canadiense” o “estadounidense” they are going to be the same for male and female. “israelí” el es israelí” “ella es israelí”
are going to be the same for male and female. So, that is what we have seen in the previous
lessons. We are going to go to the lesson with new
material This is what we are going to see now. Ser de + ciudad, país, origen
Ok, yo soy… yo soy de Cádiz. I am from Cadiz. I can say: “Iam from Spain” Soy de España. I can say : I am from Andalusia, soy de Andalucía,
and I can say: I am from Cádiz, Soy de Cádiz. So with this structure “ser de + a place”
we are going to talk about the origin, el origen. Yo soy de…Cádiz… Iam repeating a little bit πŸ™‚
So, this is a new use for the verb “to be” Ser de ciudad/ ser de país. Ciudad: city. País: country u Origen: Origin. Aquí tenemos.. here we have a dialogue, it
is a pretty easy dialogue. And we can see all tha we have learned in
this three lessons. -¡Hola! ¿Qué tal? -Muy bien, ¿y tú? -Muy bien. ¿Cómo te llamas? -Me llamo Pedro, ¿Y tú? – Me llamo María. -Encantado de conocerte. Encantada de conocerte. ¿De dónde eres? Soy inglesa, de Londrés. ¿y tú? -Soy español, de Sevilla. So, here we have a standard dialogue between
two persons that are just, in that moment they are meeting, knowing to the other, so,
ehhhh… they have say: Hello, ¿Hola, qué tal? They have asked for the names: ¿Cómo te
llamas? What is your name? May name is Peter, And you? My name is Maria. Encantado de conocerte. Nice to meet you. Encantado de conocerte, this finishs in “-o”
it is because he is a man, so he is sing “-o” EncantadO. And she is going to be A, she is using encantadA,
because she is a girl. Encantada de conocerte. ¿De dónde eres? He is asking to her. ¿De dónde eres? Soy inglesa, from London, and you? I am Spanish from Sevilla. So, this is what we have seen in the previous
lessons, now you can do this. You can make this dialogue, and now we are
going to try to make this dialogue, yes?, with this here… you can try to write it
with the persons that I am going to introduce, yes?. Because here, we are going to see the professions. So, later we are going to see how are we going
to practice this, what we are going to do with this, yes? So here we have a new question, and here we
have a new verb: dedicarse. Dedicarse is something like what do you do
in your life, because if you ask for “what is your job?” or “what is your work, or profession?” maybe the person has not a job, maybe the
person has not a profession, maybe the person is studying, is a student and he is not working…
so this is an open question. ¿A qué te dedicas? It is something like “What do you do in your
life?” ¿A qué te dedicas? And it is standard to answer to this with
SER + profesión. Por ejemplo:
¿A qué te dedicas? Soy profesor. So I am going to use the structure SER + noun. Ser + profesión. Soy profesor. Soy lingüista. I an not going to say: Soy un profesor. I am not going no say “soy el profesor” No. JUST “Soy profesor”. “Soy profesor”. “Soy lingüista”. It is the same structer that I was using to
say: ” Soy español” “Soy profesor” “Soy lingüista”. So, here we have four persons, we are going
to read. “Hola, me llamo María, Soy inglesa, de Brighton. Soy florista”Florista is a profession, she
works with flowers. “Hola, me llamo Natasha, soy rusa, de Rostov
del Don y soy cocinera” Hello, my name is Natasha, I am russian, Iam
from Russia, I am russian, from Rostov del Don, It is a city in Russia, soy cocinera,
I am a pover…I am a cooker… pover…cooker, or pover…maybe Iam mixing Russian and English…
so, it is the person who makes food… cocinera… cocinera, cocinero it is a profession. The next is a sportgirl… Hola, me llamo Silvia. Soy española, de Vigo. Soy deportista. Deportista, florista… this professions that
finishs in “-ISTA” like journalist: for example, in spanish is going to be “periodista”. They are going to be the same for male and
female, they are not going to change. So, “Él es deportsta” “Ella es deportista”. It is going to be the same. We dont have “deportISTO” for example, the
same for the word “tourist”: él es turista, ella es turista. We do not have the word “turisSTO” it does
not exist in spanish, it sounds ridiculous… so try to remember, yes? Turista, el turista, la turista. It is going to be the same for male and female. So, the next is a boy. Hola me llamo Jorge, soy español, de Barcelona. Soy empresario. Hello, may name is Jorge, I am spanish, from
Barcelona, and I am a Businessman, if we want to talk about an enterpreneur, we are going
to use the verb, the word, sorry: “Emprendedor”, el emprendedor, if you have a small business,
you can say Ihave a.. tengo, I have…tengo una pequeña… I have a small business… tengo una pequeña
empresa… but I am advancing too fast… Iam going to stop, we will see this quietly….
so, just try to chek this again… Hola, me llamo María…Hola, me llamo Natasha…
hola me llamo Jorge…Hola me llamo Silvia… We can try to write, now, to make… if we
want to make an exercise, you can try to take this information, María, inglesa de Brighton…and,
florista…Natasha… Jorge… and try to write something similar
to these dialogues with you and one of them. The idea is to practice the shape. Practicar. The idea… La idea… is to practice… es practicar
la forma… the shape. So try to write and to practice. And what else? We are goping to go to the next page… give
me a second… This is… ok… now we are going to see anyprofessions,
yeah? farmacéutico, farmacéutica, here we have
a “O” él es farmacéutico, ella es farmacéutica. Enfermer=, enfermerA, A, O, we have this rule,
enfermera is female, enfermero is male. Professor, it finishs in “-R” it finishs in
erre, el profesor, so we are going to add an an “-a” in spanish “AAAA”
We are going to add an “A” Profesor, profesora. El profesor, la profesora. Ingeneer: Ingeniero, el ingeniero. La ingeniera. El analista, la analista. Yes? we have to remember this rule, the words
that finishs in “-ISTA” are going to be the same for male and female. El analista, el peiodista, el florista, la
florista, la periodista… El programador, la programadora. It finishs in -R” erre, it finishs in “erre”
so we are going to add an “-A” to make the female. El programador, la programadora. El empresario, la empresaria. The businessman, the businesswoman. El jardinero, la jardinera. The gardeneer. It is the person who keeps the garden. Fontanero, el fontanero, la fontanera… this
is the plumber. Fontanero, fontanera. And… we are going to make a short review
what have we seen with this verb to be… what functions..because we need … whrn we
are talking, we are always making things with words, so, we need to think about what are
we doing, yes? what is the function, what is the function
tha we are doing in this moment? no? For example, if I want to talk about the ocupation,
about what I do in my life, that is the function… how to talk about your occupation? for talking
aboput occupation in spanish we are goint to use the verb ser, the verb “to be”. For talking about origin, para hablar… for
talking… para hablar… de ocupación… I am going to use… voy a usar Iam going to use, voy a usar the
verb to be, SER. Soy profesor. Para hablar de origen. To talk about the origin. I a going to use the verb SER:
Soy de Cádiz. And to talk about the nationallity, I am going
to usea again the verb SER… soy español. Soy español. Here we have the verb “TO BE” Yo soy, tú
eres, él ella es, usted es… Iam, you are, he / she/ it is… we can compare
it. And maybe this is the moment to ask you to
suscribe. Subscribe please to my channel!! Please, Do IT, DO IT, DO IT, Came on!! πŸ™‚
Ihave to do this, because if not, the people never subscribe, and the idea is to grow,
yes? to make myself millionaire, yes?… πŸ™‚ teaching spanish. So… then lets continue to finish. El verbo llamarse. The verb “llamarse” Yo me llamo. Tú te llamas, él se llama, ella se llama
y usted, USTED is the polite way, we will see how it works propertly, but this is the
way that we use to talk to you but in a polite way. And I am going to use the form not “TÚ”,
Iam goint to use the form “USTED” and I am goint to use the third person. Usted se llama. And we have seen four basic questions in spanish:
¿Qué tal? something like How are you? ¿Cómo te llamas? What is your name? ¿De dónde eres? where are you from? And the last, a qué te dedicas? And we have said that this is something like
“What do you do in your life” So, this is all. We are going to say now Adios!!! ¡¡¡Adios!!! Hasta luego. See you later. ¡Adios, Bye, bye!! ¡Hasta mañana! See you tomorrow. Nos vemos pronto. See you soon!! if you like this content, and you want to
practice a little bit more, or you want to get this info, this material in PDF, yeah?
and you want to receive exercises to make, related with this spanish material, you have
to go to our group in Facebook, “Spanish for absolute beginners”. There you can interact with me and with differetn
persons… we are trying to make there a kind of classroom for learning spanish for absolute
beginners… so here you have, down you have the link in the description you have the link
to the group, sorry… Please, go there, if you want to download
some PDF´s for practising this. See you later, Poka, poka., da svidanya, hasta
luego…It has been a pleasure… ha sido un placer. Nos vemos en la prósima leccíón en “gramática
con Sergio” Hasta la próxima!!!

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