Senadora boliviana Student forum meeting
Tomina Municipal Centre BOLIVIA IS ONE OF THE FEW COUNTRIES TRYING TO IMPLEMENT TECHNOLOGICAL SOVEREIGNTY AND NELIDA IS LEADING THE CHARGE NELIDA IS IN HER HOMETOWN FOR THE ANNUAL FESTIVAL OF THE VIRGIN OF GUADALUPE BOLIVIA GAINED INDEPENDENCE IN 1809, BUT STILL STRUGGLES TO SHAKE OFF OUTSIDE INFLUENCE FROM 1988 TO THE EARLY 2000s, THE U.S.
MILITARY DEVASTATED BOLIVIA’S COCA CROP AND AGRICULTURE, AS PART OF THEIR ‘WAR ON DRUGS’ In July 2013, European airspace was denied to President Morales and his plane was grounded in Austria, falsely suspected of carrying CIA whistleblower Edward Snowden Weeks later, Morales said his emails had been hacked by the USA BOLIVIA’S CAMPAIGN FOR TECHNOLOGICAL SOVEREIGNTY BEGAN IN 2013 Currently, most of Bolivia´s data is stored and processed abroad This is slow and expensive The Bolivian government also uses commercial software made by the tech giants And because the source code is hidden, no-one really knows what is up to Or who else might have access. Technological sovereignty means being in control of your technology So Bolivia is developing their own software And enough storage to keep their sensitive data in the country Sometimes you can go half an hour waiting and listening to this song Okay we finished for now until they call me and tell me what’s going on in the meantime no internet – the whole weekend without being able to work. Thanks
to that. Patience that’s what you need, a Bolivian
needs a lot of patience to survive. The situation of connectivity is really poor, is really I could say discriminating. I belong to this group that we are always fighting to get better connectivity for all Bolivians, universal one. BOLIVIA HAS ONE OF THE SLOWEST INTERNET SPEEDS IN THE WORLD You see that cable coming from the corner, this is a neighbour’s house and asking for permission for the cable to cross his roof to my house because if they had done it on public places it would have taken such a long way going away
streets that I would have even worse internet than I already have right now. Getting online is expensive and only 40% of Bolivians have internet access Imagine, if it’s going to mean 20% of your salary
and you have kids at home, you have to pay rent, you have to pay for food, you have to pay your transport to go to work and all of that the last thing you’re going to think of spending 20% of your salary is going to be an internet connection a very poor, a very slow connection. I live very near to the centre of the capital of the…
administrative capital of the country. Imagine they were outside the city or little towns and all that The Pit Bolivia´s Internet Exchange Point (IXP) It’s a must, we have to have our own connectivity, interior connectivity. Right now, the first thing I want for everyone is minimum quality access to the internet. Bolivia´s slow internet is also seen as an opportunity for global tech giants Our plan is to make basic internet services affordable so that everyone with a phone can join the knowledge economy. Imagine a world where everyone could look up information to improve their crop yield, consult Wikipedia to help out with their homework. Our mission at Facebook is to help connect everyone in the world. Facebook and Google plan to use balloons and drones to connect the global south Facebook´s internet.org is free but limit access to a few sites, including facebook They’re not bringing access to the internet, they’re bringing access to a number of services that they decide to bring. TECHNOLOGICAL SOVEREIGNTY STEERING COMMITTEE LA PAZ Free software allows users to access the source code and make change of everything in the programme does I’m going to Martadero here in Cochabamba to find out what they are up to. They are the most advanced right now in this thing we want to build which is a citizens network The citizens’ network is a local version of the internet, a kind of digital library. You set up a server and rig up an antenna. Anyone within range of this antenna can access
your server and you can exchange information. At the end of that antenna’s range you set up another antenna to increase the reach of the original server, add more and you can cover a whole city. All without having to actually connect to the internet. CITIZENS’ NETWORK press launch La Paz I wouldn’t make too much if I had to live on selling things on the street Nelida is a very special case of politician especially considering her roots, how she got into
politics and all of that. You have only two choices, either accept it and go along with whatever you’re given or just move – and try to find more people that feel the same
way. Do some effort to change things. Anyone who wants to push things technology wise in Bolivia should be really appreciating her work. Before the end of the year we’re going to have a
sovereign cloud. We are the first country in the world to have that as a political decision.