The greatest cruel and destructive war in the History of Spain, a war that would end the lives of more than 500 thousand people of all kinds of class and condition. A war between brothers and compatriots, and at the same time an essay for the Second World War. A series of generals began to conspire against the Second Republic; among them, Emilio Mola stood out as leader of the coup, the exiled general Sanjurjo, who would be in charge of presiding over the National Defense Board, and Francisco Franco, who finally it is allied with the commands of the rebellious side. It all started on July 17 in Melilla, that day the Army of Africa revolted. The next day, July 18 considered the real day of the uprising, garrisons from all over Spain began to join the coup. However, many others remained faithful to the Republic: the Civil War was inevitable. The uprising triumphed over all rural areas, but the coup was also followed in some cities such as Seville, Cordoba and Zaragoza. However, the most industrial cities such as Bilbao, Madrid or Barcelona remained loyal to the Republic. In others the uprising took place, but not with enough force and the rebels finished entrenched in the barracks of his city as happened in Toledo and Gijón in the early days of the uprising General Sanjurjo died in a plane crash, being in command of the rebellious side, Franco and Emilio Mola. The first major operation of the Civil War was the march of the columns uprising towards Madrid where the militia faithful to the Republic they stopped their advance to the outskirts of the city in the battle of Guadarrama. It is important to mention that the rebel troops loyal to the Republic had a similar number, but 70% of the commanders if they added to the blow what gave the national army a vital operational advantage. In addition the insurgents counted also with the army of Africa in which they were the best troops of the Spanish army and among which were many natives of the Spanish territories of Morocco known popularly as “The Moors” – From Barcelona soon columns of volunteers organized by different unions, political parties and paramilitary organizations With the aim of retaking the rebellious territory between all the columns, the Durruti column stands out directed by Buenaventura Durruti that would be dead later in the defense of Madrid. In the first three months of the civil war, several vital events took place for the future the war: the army of Africa blocked in Morocco, could set foot in the Iberian Peninsula thanks to the shipment of transport aircraft Germans, and later thanks to the Republican decision to send most of its fleet to the Bay of Biscay. in August 1936 a column formed by members of the army of Africa known for its violence and repression as the column of Death, advanced from Andalusia to Madrid occupying much of Extremadura and the cities of Merida and Badajoz in the latter there was a great massacre of at least 3,000 prisoners. The massacres in the rearguard of both sides were constant and took the lives of at least 50 thousand people, the most important on the Republican side was the killing of Paracuellos. However, when the repression reached a greater dimension It was in the postwar period. The advance rebellion on Extremadura was not the only bad news for the Republic The insurgents had taken and Irun, which isolated the north of the rest of the Republican territory. The mismanagement of the first months of the war led the President of the Republic José Giral to resign, assuming Manuel Azaña the presidency and entrust lLargo Caballero with the formation of a coalition government In September of 1936, Franco newly appointed Generalissimo thanks to the fame that gave him a large share of German aid, He sent his columns marching to Madrid to successfully raise the site of the Alcázar de Toledo getting a great moral blow for the insurgents. However, this gave Madrid time to reinforce itself and organize its defense. On November 8, 1936 the insurgents attack Madrid, and although they crossed the Manzanares River, they were rejected in the University City after a fierce fight in which they intervened in the newly created International Brigades, constituted by anti-fascist volunteers from around the world. The rebellious army tried to take Madrid by the highway of La Coruña, but it failed in its three attempts. The shot in Madrid was postponed for a long time, after not being able to cut the Valencia highway to besiege the city during the battle of Jaramae in February 1937 also in February of 1937, the insurgents took Malaga one of the great bastions of the south that were still under republican control after the battle of Guadalajara the rebellious efforts focused on the north where General Mola planned with his troops to finish with the Iron Belt, and from there occupy all the republican north zone. The mission was successfully carried out the spring and summer of 1937, and in it German aviation was fundamental, specifically with the Condor legion, which was an aviation group that Hitler sent to Spain to help Franco. Among its actions highlights the bombing of Guernika, mistakenly considered the first bombardment of history on civilian population. To relieve the uprising in the north, the republic launched a powerful attack in the peninsular center leading to the battle of Brunete that would end on July 26 with a technical draw, the advance on Santander was resumed after her. With the taking of Gijón on October 20, 1937, the Republic lost a large industrial stronghold that will now begin to produce for the rebel side, all the north of the peninsula During the battle of the north, General Mola died a plane crash leaving absolute power to Franco. Shortly before, in May 1937 communists and anarchists had clashed over their different ways of seeing the conflict in Barcelona, leaving more than 200 dead. This fact increases the communist influence in the government of the republic and seized Juan Negrín at the head of the republican government. After resigning Largo Caballero in December of 1937, the Republic made a great offensive against Teruel in order to stop the attack on Madrid project. However, Teruel would be reconquered two months later in a battle in which the republican forces They showed clear symptoms of weakness and their organization. It was then that Franco ordered the Aragon offensive to be carried out, whose result would be the division of the republican territory in two: on the one hand Catalonia and on the other, the rest of the republican territory after the taking of Castellón on the part of the pro-Franco troops, the republic carried out a desperate action with the intention of turning around the Civil War in what would be the greatest battle in the history of Spain; the battle of the Ebro. The army of the Ebro crossed the river on July 25, 1938, and despite the initial successes the battle was ordered by the Republic having to cross the river again and losing all hope of winning the Civil War. Yes, the International Brigades withdrawn for diplomatic reasons, with an army without morals and already very disorganized and poorly equipped, the Republic was waiting for its end; only the imminent beginning of the Second World War could avoid the hecatomb, so it had to be resisted. Franco carried out the offensive of Catalonia; National troops entered Barcelona without resistance on January 26, 1939. Hundreds of thousands of civilians and soldiers crossed the French border. However, France responded putting many of these refugees in concentration camps on French beaches. On March 8 almost without resistance and with a republic already collapsed, the rebel troops enter victorious in Madrid occupying during those days most of the republican territory. On April 1 1939 after the capture of Alicante (Cartagena) last republican stronghold, the radiates towards an announcement, the last part of the Spanish Civil War: “Today, the Red Army has been captive and disarmed, and national troops have reached their last military objectives: The war is over. Burgos, first of April 1939, year of victory. ” A few months later the Second World War began.