The English Civil War Explained

The English Civil War Explained

So the English Civil War, where to start? Well let’s start with the big questions: When did start, well it started in 1642.
Who’s fighting in it? Well on one side you’ve got the Royalists led by King
Charles I and on the other side you’ve got your rebels or your
parliamentarians, led by a man named Thomas Fairfax. Now Oliver Cromwell does come into it but if he turns up a little bit later on. At the beginning it’s old
Tom. Now why are they fighting? Well this gets a bit complicated. You see there are
many many reasons why they’re fighting but because we only got so much time I
like to boil it down to three: power money and religion. Unfortunately the
usual suspects when it comes to any war. Now, power. Well when we talk about
power, what we are talking about in particular is the Divine Right of Kings. This is the belief that a king is appointed by God himself to rule a given
country. Now, King Charles I believes in this and Parliament aren’t
too fond of the fact because it means that every decision King Charles makes
is ordained by God and well God can’t be wrong. Parliament, being voted in by each other not by the people it’s important to say,
well they feel like they should have a greater say in how the country is run
and so we’re getting a conflict of interest very early on. Next problem: money. See when you’re appointed by God you tend to be a bit
frivolous and King Charles I was no different. He would often spend the
country’s cash on whatever he liked, for instance he would ask for a navy, Parliment would collect the taxes for the Navy they’d hand the money to the King and
the King would not spend it on a single boat. He would spend it on new shoes, new horses paying off debts to old friends. So as you can imagine this relationship
became quite strenuous quite quickly. And last but not least: religion. Now, England
was a Protestant country at the time and this was a bit of a problem for King
Charles I because Protestants and Catholics weren’t exactly good friends
and King Charles the first was married to Henrietta Maria of France a catholic. Now, he was quite enamored with the Catholic faith he quite enjoyed the way
they celebrated and he wanted to change the Protestant faith in small ways to
try and reflect that. However, people didn’t see it as a addition, they saw it as a conversion and there’s a great deal of civil unrest
burning away in the country and we end up with these three reasons snowballing
out of control and here we are with the English Civil War. Now before we get any
further I need to talk to you a little bit about Alexander Popham. Now Alexander Popham was this chap up here. Now a lot of people are going look at that painting and they will shout he’s a Royalist but unfortunately he is not he’s a
Parliamentarian and this has a lot to do with the fact
that we get this idea in our heads that you have Royalists made up of Cavaliers,
young, dashing men fighting for the King looking all fabulous with their
beautiful hair and horses and then you have the Parliamentarians and these men
are all drab, boring looking, and they wear armour a bit like that, and well it’s simply not the truth. It is the English Civil War, you’ve got rich versus rich, poor versus poor. It’s
not a war of fashion it’s a war of ideologies. The only difference you’ll
find is the color sash they wear. If they wear a red sash they are a Royaist, if they
wear an easily distinguishable Orange sash they are a Parliamentarian and those the
two main colors you’re going to find on the battlefield. Now, Alexander Popham wasvery important to us here at the Royal Armouries because not only did he fight
in the war but he supplied his men with arms and armor and this arms and armor
was looked after by him for many years after the war and it’s thanks for him
looking after this stuff at Littlecote House in Wiltshire that we have the largest
collection of English Civil War arms and armour in the entire world.


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    Emze Productions

    Life saver!!❀
    Doing GCSEs on Monday and didn't understand the civil war. Needed a crash course and this was perfect πŸ˜πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘

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    Hey guys! Why is Popham wearing a Sri Lankan Kastane in the portrait? Ceylon wasn't even an English colony of Britain then so I'm quite interested as to how he may have acquired it.

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    Matthew Blairrains

    who would have thought it the largest collection of one countries historical arms and armour is in that country

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    Ser Garlan Tyrell

    "Very easily distinguishable orange"? What if you're a royalist and you wash your sash too often, and get mistaken for a parliamentarian?

    Why not go with blue or green or yellow or some other significantly different colour?

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    CJ Hobby Fly

    "At the beginning its the Rebels, or Parliamentarians led by Thomas Fairfax…" erm… no it wasn't… he didn't even command and army at the beginning of the war, he was subordinate to his father, Lord Ferdinando Fairfax in the Parliamentarian Northern Association… the main Parliamentarian Army was commanded by Robert Deveraux, 3rd Earl of Essex… Thomas Fairfax eventually rises to lead the New Model Army, but that wasn't the beginning… and in truth the head honcho of the Parliamentarian faction as a whole was John Pym, until he died in late 1643.

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    It feels like he climbed into a time machine to come and tell us about the past. Could you trim off the Christmas is cancelled bit? It startles me.

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    This was by far the WORST explanation of the English Civil War I have ever heard. Not once did he state that King Charles was the one who took up arms against Parliament. Not once did he mention the abuses of King Charles on religious freedom that forced tens of thousands of English men and women from their beautiful homes in England to move to tolerant countries like the Netherlands and even to New England where they had to worry about natives killing them and the fact that they had to build new homes

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