The English Civil War: When Parliament Killed A King

in 1625 Charles came to the throne
King Charles had a war with Spain so he needed money
what do you do when you’re a broke english king? and you need money? you call a parliament this didn’t really well though because they wanted to impeach the Kings best friend
the Duke of Buckingham The Duke Of Buckingham basically
convinced Charles and everybody else in the royal family that he was a genius in
finance diplomacy war and pretty anything else everyone else thought this
is bullcrap you haven’t had that much experience and everyone else got proved
right when he launched a raid against the Spanish into Cadiz and his men got
drunken couldn’t be able to fight anymore
after a few more disastrous military interventions the Duke of Buckingham was
assassinated Parliament were overjoyed and Charles
wasn’t he was so annoyed at Parliament that he didn’t call him again for
another 11 years one problem though he was still at war Spain didn’t really
care about this so they were still trying to deal with stupid protestants
in the Netherlands they had more important things to deal with
he still needed money though so he decides to do some crazy schemes to get
rich quick he granted monopolies to his friends though he didn’t have a lot and
stole the money in the London mint stole all the East India Company’s pepper
along with some of the crazy stuff after getting enough money to sustain himself
he turned to his main gripe religion even though England was Protestant
ever since Queen Elizabeth (I) came to the throne
Charles loved the fancy ceremonies you know who else loved that? the Archbishop of
Canterbury William Laud you know we should do says Charles convert Scotland
On Saturday July 23rd 1637 the Dean of a Cathedral in Edinburgh started reading
from The Book of Common Prayer the crowd went nuts through books at the nobles, someone
threw a chair at the dean there were so many rights in Edinburgh that the King’s
Council in Scotland had to pull out of the area. By February the next year the
treasurer for Scotland goes you’re not gonna win this fight even with 39,000 men
Charles goes how about 40,000? meanwhile in Scotland
the Scottish Lords hear about this and they signed a national covenant swearing
to uphold the Scottish version of Protestantism. Charles gathered his men they
got whooped by the Scottish and Alexander Leslie occupied Newcastle
starving England of coal the Parliament were angry because they hadn’t been
summoned for 12 years most of the MPs nobles had their lands seized by Charles to pay for the
stupid war with the scots. However no one in Parliament actually thought Charles had
anything to do with it it was all to do with his bad ministers leading him
astray most notably the Duke of Strafford basically they wanted to try
Stratford for allegedly trying to use the army in Ireland to stop Parliment he
allegedly said to Charles you have an army in Ireland you may employ to reduce
this kingdom but he meant Scotland The parliament wasn’t happy because his
statements made it really obvious that they really couldn’t impeach him they had nothing on
him so the introduced the bill in Parliament.
A Bill Of Attainder is one of the most scariest things. A bill of
attainder basically says that if you manage to pass this bill you can execute
anybody you want it passed the House of Commons it had to go to the House of
Lords the House of Lords didn’t wanna pass it and it was debated for a few weeks
meanwhile the MP’s in the House of Commons went round to their constituency
basically made them really angry and hound for blood the Lords of the House
were really scared they were so scared that out of eighty that had present at
the trial of Stratford only 46 were present to vote and the bill was passed
by a vote of thirty to eleven all that was left was for the king to sign it and
make it law gangs of people showed up at the palace at Whitehall screaming for
justice the King had to agree he just he couldn’t in his good conscience sign it
though so he had to get his two counselors to sign it because he
couldn’t bear to have his hands on the whole business Strafford’s response was
don’t put your trust in Princes not in any other man for them there is no
salvation after a few months of dealing with a parliament that was too boastful for its
own good gaining power after killing Stratford
and wanted to flex muscles Charles wanted his power back so he makes a list
of popular MP’s and plans to charge them of treason he says
to one of his counselors strike boldly and seize the leaders have been tried
and condemned and executed threaten the rest of the same faith and follow these
measures with energetic and decisive action you will see make a change in the
affairs he marches into the House of Commons in January 4th 1642
I demand John Pym John Hampton Arthur Haselrig Denzil halls and William
strode they aren’t here sir says the speaker where have they gone
the speaker stands up to the king this is a pivotal moment because nobody would
dare go against the king may it please your majesty I have neither eyes to
see nor tongue to speak in this place but was the house pleas to direct me
Charles said all my birds have flown the Cape and was forced to leave Parliament
was angry (don’t wanna get demonetized) never in the history of England had a
king entered Parliament not to mention dragging people out by
the ear. The urban poor rioted Charles fearing for his life fled to York.
towns began declaring support for Charles on the Parliament leading to the
English Civil war legally only the king could raise an
army but Parliament passed an ordinance not a law technically so allowing them to
raise troops and pay for them without the King’s permission both sides began
to raise troops. Both needed to win the propaganda war Charles wants to get them
to recognize his authority he needed a way to flex, he needed
gunpowder and weapons he goes to Hull Charles gets to hull a few days later
Charles says open the gates! I can’t sir I need authorization from the king you
have my permission no I mean the sovereign authority of the King which
you gave to Parliament Charles is like what the f*** and goes off in a huff
no battles were fought for a while though as everyone tried to build armies
Parliament raised a load of troops and Charles didn’t until the lords did it
for him the King’s allies slipped out of
Parliament to join him making a peaceful resolution impossible and making Parliament
more radical the Earl of Essex marched under orders of Parliament with an army
to find Charles after the two cavalry forces met a tPowick bridge the Royalists
under Prince Rupert one of the only guys that actually fought a war before
engaging in this one rushed B and didn’t stop after walking towards London
Charles gathered 14 thousand men the two forces met at Edgehill Prince Rupert
using the rush be don’t stop method against the parliamentary cavalry but he
didn’t stop he didn’t whirl around to destroy the parliamentary infantry the
Parliamentary infantry and the royalist infantry bascially fought until
nightfall and they had to both stop fighting Charles ran off to Oxford just
before winter came by autumn 1643 Royalists controlled the
north wiped out the parliamentary army in the north they needed allies(Parliament) they
needed the Scots Parliament goes to the Scots and says we won’t mess with your
religion hell we’ll make it the official religion of England hell we’ve got the
troops to enforce it if you join us in fighting the King Alexander Leslie the
leader of the Scots crosses the river tweed with 20,000 men in January 1644
meanwhile in Parliament they split the leader in Parliament John Pym the one
who wanted to kill the Duke of Buckingham died and they devolved into two factions
those who wanted Charles to agree to peace now and the war camp who said
there’s no negotiating with him wait till he’s militarily destroyed and then
we can talk about a settlement by March 1644 a Royalist Army under the command of a guy
named Hopton fought at Cheriton the Parliament won and hearing that the king’s army was
in really bad shape sent two parliamentary armies to bum rush Charles
Charles sent a letter saying hey ill come ah come to negotiate now and started to
head towards London then he pranked them and ran all the way to Worcester anyways
his armies got beaten badly in Newbury Wincery Wincery and Marston Moor after a few more
battles and making a professional army under the command of Thomas Fairfax and
his subordinate Oliver Cromwell Charles finally lost his
military capacity at Naseby and escaped Oxford on April 27 1646
Charles sends a letter saying to the Scots hey can we make a deal?
Charles shows up to the Scottish camp and gets captured he thought that you know
is better to negotiate with the scots than the Parliament especially since John Pym
died the Scots say we’ll make the punishment Parliament wants to give you less
severe if you allow freedom of worship you know the thing we had before
you started this whole mess Charles goes How about no? Its the only thing . we want… NO! are you dumb? … No..? Alright we’re not gonna get much use out of him let’s hand
him over to Parliament for some money Charles was then taken to one of his
estates called holmy house by the Scots while Parliament figured out what that
the hell to do with him, Parliament was in debt. they tried to disband the army the army goes whoa
you are not trying to disband us we haven’t been paid in months
Thomas Fairfax the leader of the Parliamentary army though he wasn’t really
involved in this whole revolt says he doesn’t have a point
Parliament tells Fairfax to crush the revolt separate the armies then leave the Rank and File were really angry at that The Parliment wants to sack Fairfax. They all loved Fairfax so an idea turns around in the parliamentary rank and files
head hey let’s kidnap the king so an army officer called Cornet
Joyce gathers a group of men and rides to Holmy house and talks to the king in his
bedroom Charles says I’ll go in the morning
if toy don’t hurt me and just treat me with respect when Charles woke up the next
morning seeing a small group of soldiers Charles tells the Joyce that says are
you sure you’re from Parliament come on we have to go the reinforcements will be
here soon are you sure you’re from Parliament
where’s your commission to say you can take me I want proof
Joyce points to the soldiers behind him and says there’s my commission Charles says I’ve
never seen a clearer Commission written in my life Charles tried to escape from
his imprisonment after Parliament captured him
Charles was executed Charles’s beheading was scheduled for Tuesday 30th of
January 1649 Ew sorry for the abrupt cut i thought i did the fade out smoother oh well Subscribe?

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