What is Surveying in Civil Engineering

What is Surveying in Civil Engineering


surveying is the process of analyzing and recording the characteristics of a land area sent to help design a plan or map for construction surveyors work with the elements of geometry trigonometry regression analysis physics engineering metrology programming languages and the law they use equipment like total stations robotic total stations GPS receivers retroreflectors 3d scanners radios handheld tablets digital levels drones GIS and surveying software among all of the equipment total station is the currently preferred surveying equipment in the industry the planning and execution of most forms of construction required it is also used in transport communications maping and the definition of legal boundaries for land ownership it is an important tool for research in many other scientific disciplines and geodetic surveying surveys are carried out on a large scale with the help of control networks spending over a long distances in cadastral surveying surveys are carried out to define land ownership and boundaries in topographical surveys surveys are carried out to determine land structure along with variation inland types in a silk surveying surveys are carried out after completion of a construction project to check variants from proposed design in photogrammetry surveys are carried out by taking photographs from elevated ground stations and live your aerial surveys surveys are carried out using remote sensors and light reflected by lasers to measure distances fundamental techniques used for surveying our triangulation trial operation traverse leveling and radiation triangulation in this technique numerous triangles are interconnected and overlapped to measure angles from a surveying station trilateration it follows the same technique as in triangulation with additional use of electronic distance meter traverse in this technique multiple lines of pre-measured links are interconnected to measure angles and distances leveling in this technique the difference in Heights and a terrain are measures with the help of graduated rods radiation in this technique radiating lines are drawn from a focal point to define boundaries converted to a small-scale surveying sheet surveying finds multiple industrial applications across various domains it is an integral part of civil engineering discipline

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    Apodictic

    Pitty it doesn't take the curvature of the earth into account, and before you answer the calc is 8"/mile squared. Now try build your pipeline or road

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