What’s Scarier To Racists Than Reparations?

What’s Scarier To Racists Than Reparations?


What’s scarier to racists than the idea of reparations for slavery? I’m Francesca Fiorentini, and in this episode we’re talking about another Reconstruction. Like the one after the Civil War. I know, I know, remembering the Reconstruction from 11th grade history is tough because we were all high. It’s okay. Our teacher probably did what the nation did and basically skipped right over it. For the first time in a long time Americans are talking about reparations. You know the “40 acres and a mule” type reparations promised to former slaves after the Civil War. Although in today’s money it’d be more like a 2-bedroom apartment and a brand new Honda Accord. A very reliable apology car. But of course you can’t have an honest conversation about reparations without a whole lot of Dishonest white pundits weighing in The reparations thing eventually as the decades go by becomes ridiculous. This term “reparations” is just a nice-sounding word for shake down. They keep blaming America for the sin of slavery, but the truth is throughout human history slavery has existed, and America came along as the first country to end it within 150 years, and we get no credit for that. Okay, okay. Let’s just peel off one layer of that idiocy. America gets no credit for ending slavery? That’s as asinine as saying, “Hitler never gets credit for killing Hitler.” While 58 percent of black Americans support the idea of reparations, it’s an incredibly difficult discussion to have with many white people. If only there were some soft-spoken white woman like a life coach or therapist or presidential candidate who could look Americans right in the face and say We have not lived and we are not living on the principles on which we purport to stand. One of these areas is the issue of race. I propose a hundred billion dollar plan of reparations. Okay, Becky with the good incense. Oh, no, I’m starting to unironically love her. Quick, someone dig up an old tweet of her saying something weird about vaccines. Look, reparations for two hundred and fifty years of systemic violence, mass murder, torture and rape that killed millions and inflicted generations of collective trauma shouldn’t be controversial. And no I’m not even talking about Native Americans. If you think reparations are controversial, go watch “12 Years a Slave” again, or for the first time if your name is Tanner. The US has given reparations before back in 1862 to former slave owners. Yeah, that’s right. Those who did the enslaving got $300 per slave freed. That’s like telling Jeffrey Epstein. “Sorry you can’t fly your plane to Pedo Island anymore. Here’s Micronesia.” The fact that we can’t even talk about reparations without a national freakout is indicative of how far we have to go in dealing with our racist history. Also the fact that this is our president. Some say we need a Truth and Reconciliation Commission for slavery. Something similar to South Africa’s when they took stock of the atrocities committed to maintain apartheid. Others are looking at this special moment in whiteness and seeing it as part of a familiar pattern. A racist reaction to whenever black people get… …anything. The little mermaid included. And dealing with that might require something bigger: Perhaps a Reconstruction. The part of American history that Bill and Ted, like, totally skipped over, dude. So this is Franifio’s Less Than Excellent Adventure [Bill and Ted voice] Excellent! [electric guitar solo] How did we go from the Emancipation Proclamation to a hundred years of segregation? Well, that actually wasn’t the initial plan. The initial plan was something called the Reconstruction. No Way. Way. The Reconstruction was essentially the federal government’s plan to ensure equality to newly freed people right after the Civil War. It was what Harvard professor and historian Henry Louis Gates Jr. calls “The maximum period of black freedom in the history of this country.” Yeah. The Reconstruction was such a critical moment in this country the many also call it “The second founding of America.” Congress passed the first Civil Rights Act and the new constitutional amendments fundamental to American democracy: the 13th 14th and 15th. And black men got unprecedented political representation. By 1877, 16 black men were in Congress. And to think that’s a full hundred and thirty-nine years before Hamilton. Many, like the leader of the Poor People’s Movement, Reverend William Barber Call the Reconstruction “an experiment in interracial democracy.” African-americans join hands with white former farmers in the South. They rewrote state constitutions, they guarantee public education as a constitution right in the south, they were talking about labor rights in 1868. This is 1868. Blacks and whites working together. That’s incredible. It’s like we were building a more perfect U— —But. How’d I know that was coming? Many former Confederates saw the black citizenship and black leadership connected with white leadership as inherently illegitimate. Yep, the whole plan ultimately failed, mostly because of southern white terrorism. The KKK was formed and began attacks soon after the Thirteenth Amendment was passed. No way. Way. The Reconstruction also failed because Lincoln was assassinated, and his vice president didn’t actually believe in it at all— in fact Johnson was impeached and nearly removed from office over his support for white supremacy And to think 150 years later we can’t even do that much. The federal government under hipster dreamboat Ulysses S. Grant tried to protect the black population in the south with federal troops, but the economy nosedived, and the government decided it was too expensive to keep them there. So even though black people were free, there was no mechanism to protect them, which is insane. That’s like when your parents brought you to Chuck-E-Cheese, but gave you no tokens for the arcades… And the ball pit was made of snakes. …racist snakes. To politically rollback the Reconstruction state legislatures in the south created Jim Crow laws that segregated whites and blacks and chipped away at the new amendments, forcing people to pay a poll-tax or pass a literacy test to vote. No way. Way. That’s why there was another Reconstruction ninety one years later, also known as the Civil Rights movement, which tried to establish what the first didn’t. It dismantled a hundred years of Jim Crow policies and got the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act passed. But the movement actually became broader. It became about critiquing war, capitalism, patriarchy— No way. Way. It’s actually pretty cool. You should like Wikipedia it or whatever. The importance of this second Reconstruction is so powerful even Trump paid tribute to the life of MLK, even though until recently he probably thought the MLK Jr. was an item on the Burger King menu. I love the MLK jr. but why is it only available in February? And just as after the first reconstruction, there was a violent white backlash to the second: Assassinations by white supremacists and repression by police. Bogus. Okay that’s just insensitive. The backlash to the second Reconstruction has also taken forms like Bill Clinton’s welfare reform or the war on drugs, which grew the prison population into what Professor Michelle Alexander calls the new Jim Crow. Today there are more African-American adults under correctional control, in prison or jail, on probation or parole than were enslaved in 1850. No way. Did you say it? But the backlash gets even more insidious. It took forms like Nixon’s Southern Strategy: appealing to southern white racism. Just listen to Ronald Reagan’s advisor, Lee Atwater, back in 1981 talking about how Republicans can get the racist vote without sounding racist. You start at 1954 by saying n[bleep]er, n[bleep]er, n[bleep]er. By 1968 you can’t say n[censored]er—that hurts ya. Backfires. Now you’re talking about cutting taxes and all of these things you’re talking about a totally economic things and a byproduct of them is blacks get hurt worse and whites. “We want to cut taxes” is much more abstract than even the busing thing and a hell more abstract than “n[censored]er, n[censored]er.” Oh, yes quite abstract. You might say that Reagan was the Picasso of racism whereas Trump is the macaroni art of it. That racial coding around social program continues today. “Entitlements,” “poor work ethic,” and other coded language. I don’t want to make black people’s lives better by giving them somebody else’s money. Okay, well that’s code in the same way that this is code for “Table for five.” The pattern is clear. Every time there’s a fight for black rights, it goes deeper than the last. And each time black people gain a bit more power, especially executive power, there is yet another backlash. Why doesn’t he show his birth certificate? Wouldn’t you like to see one of the NFL owners, when someone disrespects our flag, to say, “Get that son of a bitch off the field right now.” Look how much African-American communities have suffered. You’re living in poverty. Your schools are no good. You have no jobs. What the hell do you have to lose? Your dignity. So if the first Reconstruction was fought against, and the second did a bit of what the first was supposed to do but continues to be rolled back, especially now with the gutting of the Voting Rights Act, maybe what we really need now is something bigger than reparations—something even scarier for racists: We need a third and much bigger Reconstruction—one that Reverend Barber sees us in the middle of. You got fight for 15, young black and white, Latinos coming together in this country all over. That’s the sign. You have moral Mondays. You got Black Lives Matter. You have the environmental movement happening. Signs that we are seeing a third Reconstruction. The third Reconstruction is picking up where the first two left off: Tackling voting rights, but also bigger, structural changes around the economy, the environment, in our justice system because in many ways the fight for black liberation is at the center of a lot of other fights to protect our constitutional rights and expand democracy And understanding that scares the powerful all whole lot. So think on this long but fascinating history the next time you think about reparations. But also the next time you think about Bill and Ted. [electric guitar solo] I don’t know how to air guitar. What’s supposed to move? [electric guitar solo] Thanks again for watching Newsbroke. make sure to like, share, subscribe Aw, what are the other ones? Follow. Do all that, and let me know: Did you ever learn about the Reconstruction in school? Because I just finished reading “Grant,” the like, very, very long book—his like biography, and I learned about it for the first time I think because I was high. …And uh, yeah. I forgot what I was saying, but I’ll see you next week.

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    AvangionQ

    4:21 The 13th amendment didn't abolish slavery, it just changed its form: prison labor via mass incarceration.
    … which you addressed in detail @ 7:19

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    Francisco Lopez

    Did AJ+ and Fox news forget that this is Native Land? It belongs to the indigenous tribes of the Americas. The interest of indigenous people comes first.

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    White Man

    This channel is all about hating on whites, vilifying whites and making excuses for every other race. I say enough of this war against the white male.

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    Morena Linda

    We were never taught about the reconstruction, So thankyou for making a video on it. In response to your section of the video that mentioned the black congressmen, there is another deep dark story on what happened with that, and there is a video on that by a youtube channel called Vox, and the video is called "How Americans overthrew a government" it talks about what happened to those black congressmen in detail… I haven't finished your video yet if you cover it here later on

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    Phillip Christopher

    If we're not going to have reparations, for black people you might as well not have inheritance for white people. Reparations are a kind of inheritance owed to black people because their ancestors earned it.

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    Karl Haynes

    Don't forget Biden equating poor kids to black kids…it is bi-partisan. Trump doesn't need help…we have Democrats filling our private prisons and bombing people of color, in poor nations too.

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    Michael Garrett

    Tell the guy whose daughter was raped and killed by blacks that he owes the black community reparations and then you will understand the real reason Whites puke when they hear this term.

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    earth ocean

    Slavery never ended, it merely transformed under capitalism to enslave everyone. Which is why, without changing the underlying system, Reparations (much like Yang's proposed UBI) are nothing more than a bandaid on a flesh wound.

    For a deeper analysis by expert economist, Prof. Richard Wolff, check out this video on Democracy At Work:
    https://youtu.be/SGWusrf6NC4

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    UsNotMe

    I worry that compensating one group of Americans, even if it's completely justified, while all Americans are suffering economically will only deepen racial divides in this country. I believe in reparations, but I also believe the backlash in this current political climate would be severe. I think before we can achieve reparations without the backlash, we need to better the lives of all Americans first by passing wage increases, medicare for all, tuition-free public college, better family leave, and a UBI on TOP OF, not instead of all of this. I think that if we get all that done and improve the lives of all Americans, white Americans will not have anyone else to blame for their lives being shitty because their lives won't be so shitty. THEN with nobody to blame our entire nation will be much more receptive to reparations.

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    Silva Surfa

    You skipped over the Compromise of 1877.
    That was when things turned for the worse.
    It should have been Sherman's March 2.0
    World would be far better place.

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    SHADOWSWORD Twilight

    To HELL with this commie slag! HANG this commie slag!
    NO REPARATIONS EVER! WAR FIRST!
    #SHIPTHEMBACKTOAFRICA

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    Donald Mosher

    Universal healthcare, free public colleges, money for infrastructure and funds to avert climate change are more more important in the minds of most voters and we are going to have to fight tooth and nail to get those. Don't expect reparations anytime soon.

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    spthibault

    We went over the reconstruction, which even my history teacher called "northern occupation" after "the war of northern aggression" . I went to school, in the 80s, in the south obviously.

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    edwin semidey

    I'm sorry but you can't give everyone reparations, I AM not saying a lot of races were not discriminated against nor slavery was not a thing, because it was.

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    Trav3l la

    Wait. how do people get away lying blatantly on national TV? US was the first to end slavery? like what the ef? can someone me the blonde Liar lady at 1:09

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    Ken Rose

    I have a more better idea for black folks getting repatriations…
    Take it right out the stock markets via trading, including short selling
    Not investments, as most want us to do, but trading, as the " pros" do & its much easier to do with algorithmic trading

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    extra solar

    even scarier to leftist agendas and their political control scams than their cry racist cliches and coached clinton crap excuses for zero consensus coercion, is to have their own intern impeached ford flopped party of identity crisis inbreeds and cnn insecurities exposed and become institutionally revoked, based on their guilt projection garbage not being the tradition of compassion tolerance fairness patriotism and constitutional concern that they do a really really really bad job of faking marketing and advertising. but more domestic than foreign. lol.

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    Lawrence Desmond Leach

    I love you. Not because of your support. Not because you're beautiful. But because you make highly informative, enjoyable, and easy to understand the central issues videos. Thank you and keep it go. L

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    Aaron Bono

    I think reparations are the wrong way to deal with the problems today. How about we focus on helping out the disadvantaged, poor and downtrodden? That will predominantly help those reparations are meant to help while also helping all the other people who have been hurt by other problems we have. It would be tackling real problems we have today and helping the people who need it the most. And it would be a lot easier and cheaper to administrate while helping bolster the economy for everyone. Reparations talk just gives the right a rally point for gathering up more white people to hate black people and, in the long run, will just hurt people of color more in this country as it will just exacerbate racism.

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    Amine Williams

    I love how we just blame southern all Americans were in on this from the dirty north to the crooked south no one is innocent except the dead 💀 🙏🏿

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    Shaman 0420

    Because of the writing on this presentation I subscribed. Some of her jokes are too true. Way to keep it a buck.

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    Red Dragon

    ms. not all white people are racest and white people are not stoping the convo not civil rights just like people with ptsd yes I'm talking about cops and shooters the fact we over look the over all hate in the usa becouse on all sides its hard to fix even though we should

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    keir farnum

    Dude! Totally great explanation! Those anti-reconstruction dudes are totally BOGUS! We need to go back in time again to find out s’more.

    Totally radly yours, Bill and Ted!

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    Dill Humpston

    I don’t whacha heard about me
    But ya can’t get a dollar outa me
    Reparations you ain’t never gonna see
    Cuz I’m W-H-I-T-E

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    BVprocHQ

    I was never taught about reconstruction in high school and my history teacher was a black man who only taught about black people in history.

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    ashiq shah

    https://twitter.com/intent/like?tweet_id=1164570016223768576&original_referer=https%3A%2F%2Fd-690514161354774901.ampproject.net%2F1908162134430%2Fframe.html&tw_i=1164570016223768576&tw_p=tweetembed&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed&ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fd-690514161354774901.ampproject.net%2F1908162134430%2Fframe.html

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    Michael Taylor

    "… and the ball pit was made of snakes… racist snakes…"

    GREAT SAVE FRANNY!!! GREAT SAVE!!! HAHAHAHA!!!

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    News America

    Forgot to mentions first black in office were republicans and the Dixiecrats founded the KKK and ya'll need to stop treating black people as victims

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    tbirdpunk

    So… this is an Al Jazeera channel? Pretty sure that slavery and trafficking is still taking place in many locations in the Middle East. Feel free to lecture the West about Reparations once ya'll clean up your own yard. Francesca, keep on doing your thing. Promoting all that Social Justice while getting paid with money from individuals who toss homosexuals off of roof-tops.

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    Joe Mancini

    Marianne’s $100B is a start but a drop in the bucket. Get to about $5,000,000,000,000 and now you’re talking.

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    Thrunabulax

    I never got reconstruction in school till I went to college. BTW, Europe had already outlawed slavery before the civil war. I have yet to find a person who would turn down an inheritance of money amassed prior to the civil war by some ancestors they never knew should it be offered. Inheriting I'll gotten gains laundered by time is acceptable to everyone. Inheriting an obligation, however, seems to be intolerable. I fail to see the distinction.

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    Críostóir Mac Ghabhann

    It's a bit ridiculous to say there's no money for reparations or Universal Healthcare when there's over a trillion dollars available for the Military Industrial Complex.

    https://dod.defense.gov/News/SpecialReports/Budget2019.aspx

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    Specops915

    You're not thinking it through honey. Paying reparations is the PERFECT WAY to prove black people can't dig themselves out. When Nike and Timberland are the few businesses that gain renew the stereotype will forever be confirmed. I say PAY THE REPARATIONS. Prove it takes more than money to be decent people.

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    SelfAccountable

    The hostess is the WORST kind of leftist blather – the super elite woke social justician oozing with leftist virtue!

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    Jesus Flores

    I had a teacher who I don't even think she covered slavery. She skipped past everything that made the country look bad. In her view everything was fine back then. I learned about the reconstruction after highschool.

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    David Saintloth

    Peonage, Convict Leasing. The formation of the prison industrial complex.

    And Jim Crow was created..

    To see an unvarnished view of this age of white terrorism against the black populace and legalized criminalization of black existence every American should see:

    https://www.pbs.org/video/slavery-another-name-slavery-video/

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    Richard Parker

    2:28 I like that you failed to mention that Ronald Regan also gave Reperations to Japanese Americans who were forced to live in camps during WW2 and instead made it look like this was the only time we used Reperations.

    The Reperations for Japanese American/ imagrants I'm in full support of because its our government directly apologizing to people they directly wronged. Slavery, as horrible and evil as it was, I still cant support Reperations over it because there simply are no victims or their children left alive. It would just result in collective punishment for white people, making them victims of guilt by association, like how Japanese Americans/immigrant had delt with collective punishment over guilt by association in WW 2.

    I more open to the idea of Reperations for those who lived under the Jim Cow laws, because those people and their kids are still alive and still struggle with the tragic results of those segregation laws. I think that would be more fair.

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    AsiaNPC

    Who is paying for these reparations? I can guarantee you beyond a shadow of a doubt, it is not gonna be the rich politicians you want taking over or the champagne socialists.

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    Margaret Garbincus

    Handing people checks for $2500 will not improve anyone's lives in the long term. This is why welfare is such a disaster. Handing people a pittance and giving them food does nothing to improve a person's long term situation. It merely gets people through the day – which is only what some need, but most need a way to lift themselves out of the cycle of poverty.
    I was on welfare when my husband left me with a son to raise alone. While I was on welfare I did not work, so I went to college full time and became a teacher, which allowed me to support my son on my own.
    I think that a better idea for reparations would be to provide an initial check to help with debt or whatever is needed in the short term, but then also provide free college or vocational training for jobs and careers that pay enough for people to enter the middle class or higher. In addition, the government could provide good-paying construction jobs to repair our crumbling infrastructure and maintain our national forests and jobs for our artists to create beautiful public art – kind of the New Deal that FDR enacted.
    Wow, I sound like Bernie Sanders, don't I?
    BERNIE 2020!

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    ManUP JC

    Sweaty Democrats famously were the party that was fully against abolishing slavery. And now Democrats want others to pay reparations LOL.

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    Martin Buck

    Well, here in New Zealand, we have paid reparations to Maori tribes for lost lands and taonga (treasures) during the Maori Wars of the 1800s, though many Maori could be said to have lost more this century with the high rate of Maori imprisonment. Tribal authorities have been granted funds, which in some cases have grown to billion dollar operations. Although the benefits are not evenly or even justly spread, an effort has been made to put things right. The root causes of poverty and deprivation (low welfare payments for a start) have not been addressed, and the high pace of immigration and housing shortages add to the plight of the poor. There is still a lot of work to do, which governments seem slow to start.

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    Eliyah Benysrael

    Great education on history suppressed by everyone from special interest groups like the Sons (and Daughters) of Confederate Veterans, to citizen groups like The White Citizens' Council (today known as Dylan Roof's Council of Conservative Citizens), to conservative school board members and parents nationwide who didn't want that uncomfortable history taught and instead to 'just let sleeping dogs lie'. These pressure textbook publishers and teachers not to cover such controversial topics lest it diminish school childrens' patriotism and make them question America's greatness.

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    w41duvernay

    Funny, you have Rick Santorum talking about not giving Black people someone else's money. It was Black people who generated the money from slavery, so it WAS black people who made that money.

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    Gerald Jencks

    The answer is one of our heroes shared. a dream he had MLK was one the Republican party's growing leaders when they killed him.. He dreamed there would be a day ,every day, that no person would nave the very sligftest concern that any other person is colored. differently. President Trump is the frist to live a thier life likr that. Many say that he cares alot about color, but his actions speak louder than thier words. In 3 years he has done more for every American than anyonr else since 1869.

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    Carol Jo Martin

    I'm 67. I went to one of the best high schools in California, back when California had the best schools in the nation. I think we spent 30 seconds covering the first reconstruction, but I lived thru the second. I remember the civil rights marches on tv, and seeing people hit with fire hoses and attacked by police dogs, and that really upset me. When the Civil Rights Act was signed, I had high hopes, but I was disappointed. I think this country has been taking giant steps backward regarding civil rights. It makes me ashamed to be American.

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    Maxim C.

    2:01 – It's because it probably wasn't "weird". Research this issue up (Dr. John Bergman's videos on vaccines might be a start).

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    Paul Crawford

    I don't have a problem with reparations but feel at the very least Native Americans should be given the same at the same time or even more.

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    Dross M

    reparations are a bad idea. creating the social structures to ensure all people in america regardless of citizenship are given every opportunity would be better. I think we need to add the basic human rights of fair work, fair pay, freely available education, freely available healthcare, guaranteed food and housing.
    if we give reparations it should be for all people who have been affected by unfair law enforcement, reparations for the homeless, reparations for those who society failed. not reparations based on race, ethnicity should only ever matter to film/tv/movie casting, and some sports I guess.

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    Elliott Carter

    I totally agree with reparations for slavery and Jim Crow. But I also realize what that would mean for American society: a changing of classes. Some Whites will die first. This makes me sad. Great video nevertheless.

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